The street was originally called Victoria Avenue, and appears to have been so named even before Victoria ascended to the throne in 1837. It was renamed as Adelaide Street in 1838. According to the Historical Street Directory of Kingstown (DLBHS 2000) it was also known as "Peters Place".
Adelaide(left) 1792-1849 was the spouse of King William IV (1765-1837). Adelaide and William had two legitimate daughters (William had many illegitimate children). One daughter died at birth, while the other died in infancy. So the monarchy went to William's niece, Victoria, on his death.
Adelaide Street is not listed in the Dublin Almanac of 1835
By 1847 it is listed in The Dublin Almanac as having 10 buildings including the Mariners Church.
Griffiths Valuation of 1849 shows 18 houses plus 4 unfinished houses.
The Thom's Directory of 1850 shows 19 houses, but 7 are vacant. The Mariners Church is listed as between numbers 15 and 16.
All of the above houses are on the North-west side of the street (left side when going from Upr Georges St. The houses on the South-East side all date from the 1860s
Maps of 1860 appear to show a small lane off Adelaide Street running along the side of the Mariners Church, with a large number of small buildings on the seaward side of this lane. These are also shown on maps of 1870, but are not shown on maps of 1900. It is likely that there were "courts" (i.e. poor quality housing).
Directories of 1893 show 19 numbered houses as well as 8 named houses (Adelaide House, Glengarriff house, etc.)
Shops and services on the street