Ohlone Indians of the greater San Franscisco  Bay Area

Thousands of years ago before the water from the Pacific Ocean filled the valley of San Francisco bay, the ancestors of Muwekma Ohlone together with other tribes use to live, hunt and forage the area.  The Ohlone Indians were excellent sailors and navigators.  They used reed boats for fishing and moving around the greater bay area peninsula, Pacific Ocean. 

Today the water has filled and provided means of transportation, trade closer to the city and is tourist attraction to the fisherman's wharf.  The Ohlone tribe who lived in the area, hunted, cultivated the land and harvested many different types of fruits and vegetables throughout their life.  The conducive environment gave the tribe to flourish and maintain their traditional way of life. Over a period of time the Ohlone people intermarried with neighboring tribal groups and formed a community know as ranked chiefdoms(Cambra,1).

Through the archaeological record it shows that the Ohlone Indian's culture, religion, social behavior and ceremonial events could be traced back to 4500 years within the greater bay area.  In around 4000 years ago, the Indian formed a classification of social order known as social ranking  which dictated the hereditary lineage (Cambra, 1).  




Cambra, R., Arellano, M., Alvarez, H., Arellano, G., Sullivan, C., Thompson, K., Levnthal, A. Cultural and Geographycal Landscape of the Greater Muwekma        Territory.  Retrived October 5, 2014, from http://www.islaiscreek.org/ohlonehistcultfedrecog.html

Oral History Associates. (1989). Sense of heritage (1769-1950). In The First Thirty Years (p.10, 138,201). Fremont: The Mission Peak Heritage Foundation.