The Grand Canyon is in the northwest corner of Arizona. It holds a ton of history and is a very interesting part of the world that everyone should explore if they get a chance. It has close to around 5 million viewers each year that come from all over the world. As the national park is one of the great wonders of the world and is truly breathtaking when your eyes catch a glimpse of it. Although the Grand Canyon did not become a national park until 1919, it was given federal protection in 1893. Some of the oldest human artifacts were found here at the Grand Canyon, about 12,000 years ago and many are on display currently for public viewing purposes. The park also offers many different options for tourists coming to see the national monument, such as helicopter rides, hikes, off-road adventure and many more.
Image from: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/06/update-creationist-geologist-wins-permit-collect-rocks-grand-canyon-after-lawsuit
The grand canyon is around 277 miles long, about 18 mile wide, and around 6000 feet deep. The Grand Canyon has been formed by the constant flow and erosion of the Colorado river, it has been doing this over the last 6 million years. The river makes its way through 7 different states but the Grand Canyon is in the Arizona border lines which is why Arizona is named the Grand Canyon state. Although, somewhat recently it was discovered that the Grand Canyon began forming around 70 million years ago. The national park has a wide variety of species that can be found all throughout the park. A few example of these are 1,500 different plant types, 355 different bird species, and 47 different reptile species. The climate and the scenery in and around the Grand Canyon changes a lot, as some area are forest and other are desert. The site contains so much nature and covers so much land it is often overwhelming taking in all of the history it holds.
Image from: https://www.aoa-adventures.com/the-grand-canyons-best-scenic-viewpoints/
The Grand Canyon is cut up into different areas the north and the south rim. These are only about 10 miles apart from each other if there was a bridge connect them. The south rims count for about 90% of the viewers that come to see the Grand Canyon, as the north only see about 10% of the viewers. The south rim has almost everything including a normal transportation rail system and even an airport, as it is very close to the Arizona city Flagstaff. However, the north rim is more towards Utah and is very hard to reach, as there is only a couple of options to get to the spot. These options are hiking 21 miles on the Kaibab Trails or travel on the dangerous roadways around 220 miles by automotive transportation. During rough weather the north rim often gets closed, to prevent any from trying to tackle the dangerous trip.
Of the the most popular parts of the Grand Canyon is the skywalk. The skywalk is a beautifully built half circle architect, that offers a stunning view of the Grand Canyon through glass floors and walls. It is in the in the Grand Canyon West area and is about 4000 feet from the floor of the main part of the canyon. The skywalk is owned and managed by the Hualapai Indian tribe who had help from an investor name David Jin. It was open in 2007 and has around 300,000 viewers that come to catch a quick glimpse of the amazing architect and view of the Grand Canyon.
Image from: https://www.grandcanyonwest.com/skywalk--eagle-point.htm
There are around 40 different rock type that are seen all throughout the Grand Canyons stretch and may be even more that are undiscovered. It is said that Native Americans came to settle here at the Grand Canyon for thousands of years and the Pueblo’s thought as the Grand Canyon as a holy site. Gracia Lopez de Cardenas was an adventurer from Spain and was said to be one of the first Europeans to view the Grand Canyon in 1540. All the way from New Mexico a party was lead by him as they received word from the Hopi about a river they wanted to find. After this long and treacherous journey that took around 20 days, Gracia was the first white man to see the Grand Canyon along with the Colorado river. Then during president Theodore Roosevelt term he pushed to preserve the great wonder of the world. Which did not happen right away and later took the efforts of senator Benjamin Harrison to push for it to be a national park but failed to do so in 1882, 1883, 1886. But then later on Theodore Roosevelt implemented a proclamation called Grand Canyon Game Preserve in 1906 and by 1908 it was considered a national monument but still not a national park. Finally in 1919 as stated above the Grand Canyon became a national park, as president Woodrow Wilson signed the Grand Canyon National Park Act.
Image from: http://www.grandcanyonguide.net/?q=content/rocksSources:
“Did You Know? Explore & Learn | National Geographic Visitor Center.” Grand Canyon National Geographic Visitor Center, Grandcanyon Https://Explorethecanyon.com/Wp-Content/Uploads/2013/11/Grand_Canyon_NatGeo.Png, 2 Apr. 2017, explorethecanyon.com/explore-learn/did-you-know/.
Zimmermann, Kim Ann. “Grand Canyon: Location, Formation & Facts.” LiveScience, Purch, 26 Feb. 2013, www.livescience.com/27489-grand-canyon.html.
“Grand Canyon History & Culture | National Geographic Visitor Center.” Grand Canyon National Geographic Visitor Center, Grandcanyon Https://Explorethecanyon.com/Wp-Content/Uploads/2013/11/Grand_Canyon_NatGeo.Png, 13 Mar. 2017, explorethecanyon.com/historical-information-from-the-national-geographic-visitor-center/.