William Edward Dargie (March 13, 1854 – February 10, 1911) owned and published the Oakland Tribune from 1876–1911. He was instrumental in instilling and propagating the firmly right-wing, conservative Republican ideology with which Oakland became thoroughly identified, almost from its incorporation through the 1960s. He remained active in the running of “his” paper until his health began to fail in 1910.
William Dargie was born March 13, 1854 to John Dargie (February 23, 1830 – November 15, 1884) and Eliza Guard Rowland (Dargie) (c. 1836 – April 23, 1907) of San Francisco. He, along with his brother Thomas Trounce Dargie (February 1857 – February 11, 1907) and sister Anne (“Annie”) Rowland Dargie (June 1864 – August, 1908) attended schools in San Francisco.
William married Herminia Peralta (March 22, 1863 – December 9, 1929), daughter of Miguel Peralta (a grandson of Luis Peralta), on December 15, 1881 at the Peralta’s home in San Leandro. (Note that in many English-language publications of the time, general non-English unfamiliarity often resulted in Spanish names like “Herminia” being spelt as Italian (“Erminia”)—if not outright mangled.)
William and Herminia had, and lost, two children. William E. Dargie, Jr. (1882 – February, 1904), a graduate of Miss Horton’s School, died of phthisis (tuberculosis) at 21. Daughter Emmia Dargie (1897 – March, 1904) died of typhoid a month later, aged 6.
In 1902, Herminia and her sister-in-law Anne were in a carriage collision. Herminia was thrown from the carriage and briefly lost consciousness, while Anne brought the horse to a stop. 3 Anne taught in the Oakland Public Schools for several years. 7
The Dargie family lived on East Twelfth and Lakeshore (Lake Blvd.) next to Lake Merritt. [still trying to find exact location –Gene]. c. 1889, there was reference to a mansion on Jackson Street.
Dargie worked as a typesetter and journeyman printer for the San Francisco Bulletin, then later as a reporter in the editorial department. With his salary from the paper, he attended the University of California beginning in 1875. With a loan from A.K.P. Harmon, Dargie purchased the controlling interest in the Oakland Tribune at the age of 22 on July 24, 1876, after only one year of school. His brother Thomas went to work for him.
During his ownership of the Tribune, Dargie was noted for modernizing the paper with the latest printing equipment and hiring good reporters. He had plans to build a new structure for the Tribune at the northwest corner of 8th and Franklin Streets. There was an announcement regarding the plans in the San Francisco Call on May 15, 1905.
“The Plunderer’s Record”
However, as a newspaperman, Dargie was far from universally loved and respected. In 1907–08, the San Francisco Call published a series of scathing critiques, beginning: ”The worst thing that ever happened to Oakland and Alameda county was William E. Dargie.” and ”Through his newspaper, the Oakland Tribune, Dargie became at once, and has ever since been, the evil genius of his community.” However, it’s also important to recognize a certain amount of “pot calling the kettle black” likely being at work—especially since those days (1890s–1910s) represented the apex of “Yellow Journalism”.
- “The Plunderer’s Record”, Chapter 1: Dargie and His Newspaper the Vehicles for Plundering Public in Alameda County
- Chapter 2: Dargie Is the Prophet of Graft in Alameda County
- Chapter 3: Dargie’s Printing Steal Is Model of Simple Thievery
- Chapter 4: How Dargie in League With Machine Gang Works Graft
- Chapter 5: How Dargie, Moffitt’s Pupil, “Worked” Water Company
- Chapter 6: Expense of Maintaining Dargie and the Plundering Courthouse Ring of Alameda County Is Largely Increased
- Chapter 7: William E. Dargie Rents His Literary Hired Help to Water Corporation
- Chapter 8: Bad Memory and Fear of Penitentiary Put Witness Dargie in Jeopardy
- Chapter 9: Dargie, Always for Sale, Has Not Even the Virtue of Staying Bought
- Chapter 10: Dargie an Able-Bodied Pirate on Low Rakish Schooner of Alameda Graft
- Chapter 11: Dargie, Once Balked in Raid on County Funds Now Loots Public Treasury Unhampered
- Chapter 12: Mystery Enshrouds Dargie’s Acquisition of Nightingill’s Half Interest in Tribune
- Chapter 13: Oakland Citizen Exposes Dargie’s Despicable Trick to Injure a Political Opponent
- Chapter 14: Thousands of Dollars in Graft for Dargie When Alameda County Holds an Election
- Chapter 15: Dargie’s Plunder Stored in Cellar of County Clerk Is Proof of Alameda County Graft
- Chapter 16: Dargie Loads Alameda With Stationery Enough to Last Graft Ridden County 1,295 Years
- Chapter 17: John Mitchell, Apologist for Dargie, Should Take Inventory of Jack Cook’s Cellar
- Chapter 18: Unusual Precautions Taken to Secure Validity of the Alameda County Grand Jury
- Chapter 19: Who Gets the Surplus Rake Off When Dargie Is Permitted to Add to His Graft?
- Chapter 20: Dargie Aids Bank of San Leandro to Collect Interest on the Warrants of His Graft
- Chapter 21: Dargie’s Silence Is Golden for Himself, but Exceedingly Expensive for the Tax Payers
- Chapter 22: Dargie Says He Is Getting All That Is Coming to Him, but Does Not Refer to Exposure
- Chapter 23: Dargie’s Petty Graft in Printing Stale Information Concerning the Proceedings of Supervisors
- Chapter 24: No Slander Is Too Vile and No Libel Too Gross for the Methods Employed by W. E. Dargie
After William’s death, Herminia fought a lengthy legal battle with Joseph R. Knowland over the purchase of the Oakland Tribune. In 1927, she lived at 2090 Jackson Street.
U.S. President Chester A. Arthur appointed Dargie the Postmaster of Oakland on February 27, 1883. In 1884, there were accusations he was “mulcting” (nickel-and-diming, by fining and/or taxing) the post office employees, but other employees wrote a letter disputing this.10
After his term as postmaster was up, Dargie was elected State Senator for Alameda County (18th District) in 1888.
Mr. Dargie was also President of the Oakland Electric Light and Motor Company, and President of the Humane Society. 1 He also owned shares in Idora Park, and there were legal actions later stating Dargie had misrepresented the income of the park when selling the shares. 5 Dargie was a director when the Oakland Cotton Mills incorporated, subscribing for $100 worth of stock.
Death and Burial
William died February 10, 1911, “from the effects of a nervous breakdown and stroke.” The SF Call reported it as “valvular trouble of the heart, complicated by kidney disease.” 6 The California State Senate was adjourned in his honor. Dargie was quite wealthy at the time of his death, with an estate estimated at nearly $1 million. There was quite a bit of squabbling over Dargie’s will, as he and Herminia were legally in the midst of a divorce when he died. 4 It was eventually decided by the Supreme Court that they were still legally married, since there had been no final decree of divorce. Dargie was generous to his friends, but gave only $100 to a niece who married with little notice, which he found discourteous.
There were dozens of high-powered honorary pallbearers at his funeral, including: Victor H. Metcalf, Justice F. W. Henshaw, Edson F. Adams, Frank C. Havens, Justice H. A. Melvin, H. C. Capwell, and Mayor Frank K. Mott. 9
|Mountain View||Saint Mary’s|
The separate burials may be due in part to William’s Masonic affiliation: the Catholic Church forbids membership in the Masons, so William couldn’t have been buried at Saint Mary’s. (Nor, for that matter, would churchgoing Herminia have consented to be buried anywhere but on Catholic ground!)
Links and References
- Alameda County, California Biographies: 1914
- William E. Dargie Wikipedia
- William E. Dargie - Biography and facts
- Lives of the Dead: Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland: May 2010
- Dargie, William Edward - Alameda County CAGenWeb
- New Building for Tribune S.F. Call, Vol. 97 #168, 1905-05-15
- 1. The Overland monthly
- 3.Plucky Women in a Collision S.F. Call, Vol. 87 #50, 1902-07-20
- 4. Mrs. Dargie Held Widow by Judge S.F. Call 1911-03-28
- 5. Diepenbrock Files Sensational Answer S.F. Call 1905-06-22
- 6. William E. Dargie of Oakland Dies S.F. Call 1911-02-11
- 7. Miss Anne Dargie Called by Death S.F. Call 1908-08-11
- 8. Widow Gets Half Dargie’s Estate S.F. Call 1911-02-11
- 9. Tributes Paid to Dargie’s Memory S.F. Call 1911-02-12
- 10. Mulcting Postal Clerks Daily Alta California 1884-12-16
- Anne Rowland Dargie on FindAGrave.com
- Emmia Dargie on FindAGrave.com
- Filthy Dargie, Shameless Hearst, Sneaking De Young, Brazen Calkins and Horde of Gutter Weekly Editors Steady Haas’ Aim S.F. Call 1908-11-16
- Dargie’s Cartoons Rouse Pastor’s Ire S.F. Call 1908-02-18
- Dargie Attacks Preacher, Who Retorts by Showing Editor’s Gross Inaccuracy S.F. Call 1908-01-24
- Another Dargie Note Bobs Up; Bankers Grow Mysterious S.F. Call 1907-12-27
- Editor Dargie Returns and Denies Flight S.F. Call 1907-09-29
- Death Calls Him As Life’s Work Begins S.F. Call 1904-02-27