Edward Teague and Susannah Pascoe:
The Long Road From Truro, Cornwall to Littlehampton and Stirling, South Australia
(Reproduced with permission of the Author, July 2019)
18 JUNE 2019
To South Australia
In Adelaide, but briefly
Putting down roots in Littlehampton
Establishing a business in Littlehampton
The Teague and Knight families in Langhorne Creek and Township of Kent
An almost empty nest
Making the move from Littlehampton to Stirling
Edward helps his sons head north
Religious affiliations and inclinations
Life and then death in Stirling
ATTACHMENT 1. Research Note on initial sales of land in Section 46, Hd of Noarlunga granted to Richard Dixon Hawkins in 1854
Part 1: Hawkins to Edward Teague
Part 2: Hawkins Estate to Various
Part 3: Hawkins Estate to William Shocroft
ATTACHMENT 2: House and stables, No. 7 Pomona Road, Stirling
ATTACHMENT 3: Descendant Chart: Edward Teague and Susannah Pascoe
REFERENCES and COMMENTS
Edward Teague and Susannah Pascoe were my maternal 3 x great grandparents. This paper which focuses on them is one part of a larger history of the Teague-Pascoe family of Cornwall who arrived in South Australia in 1849. Attachment 3 is a descendant chart of the whole family, as far as I know it, but many gaps remain.
I have no family records to shed light on the lives of Edward and Susannah. Rather, I have drawn information from the public domain: births, deaths and marriages across Australia and in Cornwall, probate records, newspaper reports, local histories, historical maps, archival material and the like. I have also researched South Australian land records intensively which proved a very productive and interesting line of enquiry. I am grateful to staff at Land Services SA who were most helpful, and to staff at the State Library of SA who provided me with assistance during my research.
Inspired by a visit to the Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society at the Coventry Library, Stirling in the Adelaide Hills, and by Chris Chardon’s meticulous research on the history of Main Street in Stirling, 1 I set myself the task of tracking what happened to Edward’s land in Stirling from 1871 when he bought 52 acres. Little did I know the scale of that task when I started. Attachment 1 sets out the fruits of my labour, and Attachment 2 details my conclusion about who built the heritage-listed house at what is now 7 Pomona Road, Stirling.
I am particularly grateful to John McGregor of the Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society who generously read an earlier version of this paper and made many helpful suggestions which have been incorporated in this version. I also thank Chris Chardon of the Historical Society who offered comments on an earlier draft which have also been incorporated.
As part of the larger family history, I have written another paper on Edward’s two sons, Charles and James Henry, titled A Tale of Two Brothers: Charles Teague and James Henry Teague and their families in the Orroroo district of South Australia. Anyone interested in obtaining a copy of this is welcome to email me at the address below.
It has been difficult to find details in the public records about Susannah Teague and her six surviving daughters. This is not unusual in that women of previous eras were often confined to the unrecorded private sphere, or rendered invisible. I hope that other family histories, written by those who knew them or have access to private family records, may emerge to help produce a more rounded and inclusive view of both the women and men of the Teague family.
While I have made every effort to get the facts right, errors or omissions are inevitable. I would be pleased to hear from anyone who has additional information about this Teague family or who is able to correct my errors or fill in the many gaps that remain.
18 June 2019
Edward Teague was born in 1807 in Truro in Cornwall, England, the son of James Teague and Susanna Leves 2 He was baptised in the Independent (Bethesda) Chapel in Truro located within the Cornwall parish of St Mary. 3 Bethesda Chapel was Congregational at that time, 4 and Edward remained an active member and benefactor of non-conformist Congregationalist and Methodist churches all his life.
Susannah Pascoe was born in 1811 in Truro, Cornwall, the daughter of James Pascoe and Ann Andrew. She was baptised in 1812 at St Marys Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Truro. 5
Edward Teague and Susannah Pascoe were married in Truro in 1831. 6 Both were non-conformists in that they did not follow the teachings of the Church of England. However, they were married in St Clement Parish Church because from 1754 until 1837 when civil registration was introduced, it was illegal to marry anywhere except in a Church of England parish church unless you were a member of the Society of Friends (Quakers) or Jewish.
Edward was a stone mason by trade, specialising in statuary, and he had established a business partnership in Cornwall at an early age.
After he arrived in South Australia, Edward broadened his work to include building contracting and land dealing in the Adelaide Hills, but all his life he presented himself as a mason in official documents. He must have been proud of that occupational label, and I can attest first-hand to his outstanding craftsmanship. He personally carved a headstone for John Knight, my 3 x great grandfather and father-in-law of Edward’s eldest daughter Mary Jane Teague. This 1865 headstone, in the Wesleyan Methodist Church churchyard in Langhorne Creek, is still easily readable after more than 150 years. He carved deep and straight and true.
It is not confirmed where Edward and Susanna’s first three children – Mary Jane, Amelia Ann and Lucretia – were born, although it is most likely that they were born in Truro, Cornwall. But by 1836 the Teague family was living in Redruth where the three daughters were baptised together at home by a preacher from the Truro Circuit of the Arminian Bible Christian church. 7 One or more of these daughters may have been born in Redruth. Their fourth daughter, Louisa, was born at Sunny Corner, Redruth in 1840. 8
Redruth was the capital of the greatest of all Cornwall’s mining areas, important for its marketing, financial, managerial and institutional roles, the greatest market town in west Cornwall, and a non-conformist stronghold.
But the end of the decade revealed serious problems – the parish vestry which ran the town was virtually bankrupt by 1840, many of the best local men were emigrating, overbuilding had caused property values to fall, and mining was taking a downturn, all of which was a prelude to the problems of the following decade, the ‘hungry forties’. 9
By 1841 the Teague family had moved south from Redruth to Penzance and was living in Leskinnick Terrace, which was then home to many Penzance artisans – tailors, upholsterers, shoe-makers and multiple masons, including Edward. 10 By the time their first son, Charles, was born in 1842, the Teague family was living in the nearby Penwith Street, Penzance. 11
By around 1844, the family had moved yet again, this time some 60 miles (96 km) north to the small village of Pengelly in north Cornwall (now part of the large village of Delabole) where Edward had obtained work as a foreman at the Delabole Slate Quarry. 12 Pengelly, an area right next to the quarry, was almost wholly inhabited by slate quarrymen and other workers connected with the quarry.
To South Australia
Cornwall in the 1840s was hit by both the potato blight and economic downturn, a period known as the Hungry Forties. This triggered a second wave of migration from Cornwall. The first wave had begun after the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the third wave hit after 1866 when the bottom fell out of the international copper market, triggering a mass exodus of Cornish miners, often with their families, to the New World in South Africa, Canada, USA and to the Australian colonies. The second wave did include miners but many other Cornish emigrants were laborers and skilled tradespeople.
Hard times, a pre-existing culture of temporary and permanent migration in Cornwall, and a growing international emigration trade supported by closely-linked networks of agents, colonial authorities, government officials, clergy, newspapers and others all combined to create the conditions for wholesale migration from Cornwall to the New World. 15 While the number who emigrated overseas from Cornwall each year cannot be known exactly, it has been estimated that between 1846 and 1851 alone, at least 7,650 Cornish people emigrated to Australia. 16
In search for a better life, Edward, Susannah and their seven children joined the second wave exodus. On 7th April 1849, they departed Plymouth on the ship Prince Regent which carried some 60 Cornish settlers. 17 They arrived in Port Adelaide on 20th July 1849.
The family was given free passage, but Edward had to pay an additional £7/0/0 as the number of his children under 10 years exceeded (by one) the limit for free passage. 18
In Adelaide, but briefly
Less than a month after arrival, Edward was establishing his business as a mason in Wright Street, Adelaide.19
Putting down roots in Littlehampton
It is likely that Edward relocated his business and his family from Adelaide to Littlehampton in the Adelaide Hills in early 1850. 20 The family was recorded as residing in Blakiston, 4km from Littlehampton, when a second son, James Henry Teague, was born in July 1850. 21
There was already an established network of Cornish settlers in the Littlehampton area, including John Knight who had worked at the Delabole Quarry at the same time as Edward and who had emigrated with his family two years earlier in 1847.22 The Knight family first settled in Littlehampton ... when it was still covered in wattles, with not a portion cleared. They witnessed the first house erected by a Mr Simpson on the corner opposite where the Great Eastern Hotel now stands. 23 The Teague and Knight families of Littlehampton were formally linked by marriage in 1850. 24
On 19th July 1851, Edward was recorded as a stone mason of Littlehampton when he bought Lots 13 and 18 in the village of Littlehampton from Francis Robert Hunt and Benjamin Gray, brewers of Littlehampton, paying £23/10/00 for the two lots. 25 He must have done reasonably well in his short period in Australia to have accumulated such funds without relying on a mortgage.
The village of Littlehampton was established at the junction of four different Sections in the Hundred of Macclesfield, each with different but also overlapping landowners. Edward’s first two purchases were in Section 5011 which was surveyed by Corporal Dawson in 1849, and granted to Hunt and Gray in the same year. The township was laid out by Benjamin Gray, presumably in consultation with the other landowners at the time. 26 But it was not until 1857 that the plan was formally registered, 27 by which time the village had grown substantially and some initial landowners had changed. 28
Edward would have been amongst the earliest settlers and purchasers in Littlehampton. Lot 18 was almost one acre (3 roods 36 perches), 29 and Lot 13 was originally 1 acre 1 rood 21 perches, 30 bringing his total holdings to 3 acres 17 perches or thereabouts, or 1.26 hectares in today’s metric system.
Edward and Susannah arrived in Littlehampton with five daughters and two sons ranging in age from Amelia Ann, aged 17 to James Henry, an infant, to provide for. Their eldest daughter (Mary Jane) was already married but possibly living with the Teague family. They set about making a family home. In 1852, they had their ninth child and seventh daughter, Ellen. 31 There are no further records for Ellen. I believe that she may have died as an infant and her death was not registered, although non-registration of deaths does not fit well with Teague family practices.
In time, Edward and Susannah built an eight-room stone house with an orchard and vegetable garden and a 1,000-gallon tank. 32 I have not been able to confirm exactly where the house was built but it was probably on Lot 18 fronting the road to Balhanna (now Junction Road), this being the portion that remained in the Teague family until 1902. As best I can determine, the address of Lot 18 is now No. 9 Junction Road, Littlehampton.33
The first church to be constructed in Littlehampton was the Primitive Methodist Chapel in 1855, and it is possible that Edward contributed to its construction. However, the number of Wesleyan children in the village was growing and a public meeting on 4th December 1861 resolved unanimously to erect a schoolroom to be used as a preaching place and classroom. Plans were drawn up for a building 30 feet long, 20 feet wide and 15 feet high. On 6th January 1862 tenders opened for construction of the church on the plan with the addition of a porch by Mr Teague and the site was selected and marked out on 24th February 1862. 34 On 22nd April 1862, the foundation stone of the chapel was laid, 35 and the chapel was opened on the 8th February 1863. 36
The chapel was located on Lot 28 in Section 5008, as indicated in Exhibit 9. The history of this Lot needs clarification. The Littlehampton Community Newsletter states that on 27th December 1861, the Lot was purchased from George Milway, shopkeeper for £15/0/0. 37 I have found no evidence of this transaction in the land records. George Milway did purchase two Lots (28 and 30) in January 1860 for £30/0/0, 38 so presumably he approved the erection of the chapel on his land. Then, in October 1863, Edward Teague joined together with 11 others including George Milway and three reverends to buy Lot 28 from George Milway. 39
The Littlehampton Wesleyan chapel became Methodist in 1900 and the property was vested in Methodist Church (SA) Property Trust on 9th August 1973. In 1977 this, and all other Methodist churches, became part of the Uniting Church in Australia. The heritage-listed church is the third-oldest surviving Wesleyan chapel in the Mount Barker district and the oldest surviving Wesleyan Church still in use as a church building. 40 It continues to serve the Littlehampton community.
Establishing a business in Littlehampton
Edward continued his stone mason business and I expect that a close examination of headstones in local cemeteries may reveal his name carved at the bottom left hand corner. But as Littlehampton grew in the 1850s, Edward began to diversify his business activities to include building and contracting work. I think his initial work may have involved building houses and shops. In 1853 he took Thomas Biddles to court for failure to pay for work and labour done, 41 so he may have been involved in the building of the Great Eastern Hotel during 1853.
In 1854, Amelia Ann Teague aged 20 married Nicholas Hawke aged 24 at St James Church, Blakiston. 42 As with the Teague and Knight families, Nicholas had emigrated to South Australia from the village of Delabole in Cornwall. 43 By 1857 Amelia and Nicholas had moved to Dairy Flat (now Torrens Vale), Yankalilla which became their life-long home. Nicholas Hawke was, for many years, an elected Councillor to the District Council of Yankalilla.
Then, in 1855, Edward’s third daughter, Lucretia, married William Henry Weller at the residence of Thomas Knight, Mount Barker. 44 I take this to be the home of Thomas Skinner Knight, Lucretia’s brother-in-law, married to her sister Mary Jane Teague. Within three years, William Henry Weller had deserted his wife and a police warrant was issued for his arrest. 45 In August 1858 Edward applied to the Mount Barker District Council to “... recommend his daughter (Lucretia Wellar) as an inmate of the Destitute Asylum, she having been deserted by her husband and liable to fits, and perfectly unable to do anything towards her own support or take care of herself." 46 The Destitute Board Meeting at Mount Barker considered a letter from the chairman of the District Council applying for relief. The Board noted that she had a large family and agreed that enquiries be made respecting her father's circumstances and as to some property of her husband’s said to be held by a Mr Andrews. 47
I have found no records of the final decision of the Destitute Board, and no records to suggest she was admitted as an inmate of the Destitute Asylum. In January 1859, William Henry Weller “... was brought up on warrant from the Tatiara District on a charge of deserting his wife. Defendant endorsed to his wife's father certain securities for money in satisfaction of his claim; upon which, and his promise to take care of his wife for the future, he was discharged.” 48
Lucretia died at Littlehampton in 1864 aged 28 years. 49 Official cause of death was epilepsy, 50 which may explain why she was liable to fits. She was buried in a now unmarked grave in the cemetery at St James Church Blakiston. 51
Edward’s business dealings in the 1860s continued to diversify, and he started tendering for public works. In 1859 he won a tender for the supply of Willunga slate to Mount Barker Council, harking back to his Cornwall Delabole days, 52 but missed out on his tender for building a stable and sundry repairs at Mount Barker Police Station. 53 On 9th March 1860, he mortgaged both Lot 13 and Lot 18 in Littlehampton to the South Eastern District Permanent Building and Investment Society for £120. 54
In 1864 he was proposed as auditor for the Mount Barker District Council. While not elected, the nomination suggests he had some financial acumen and a reputation for integrity. 55 In 1865 his tender for building abutments and piers of the bridge on Mount Road, was accepted by Council. 56
Then, in 1866 he was selected as the contractor to construct the first bank in Mount Barker, the National Bank. 57
I take comfort in the fact that this lovely sandstone building is still standing and is heritage listed, given that so much of Edward’s building work in Littlehampton, Mount Barker and Stirling has been erased, often by unsympathetic development.
Edward must have been doing well financially. On 7th March 1866 he purchased a third Littlehampton allotment, this time in Thomas Biddles’ Section 4428, Lot 11 comprising 2 roods. I assume he purchased it direct from Thomas Biddles. 58 I do not know whether he developed it commercially.
Edward may recognised the development potential of Mount Barker through his work there. In 1866 he purchased Allotments 170, 171 and 172 in Macfarlane Terrace in the Township of Mount Barker. Together, these three Lots comprised 14 acres 25 perches. 59 It would seem that Edward did not develop these allotments, but fenced them as one paddock and grew hay on them. 60
As railway construction accelerated, Edward won a large tender in 1868 from the office of the Engineer-in-Chief to supply 2,000 posts at Adelaide Station at £7/4/6 per 100 – a substantial contract value of around £1,485. However, he was unsuccessful in his 1869 tender for the supply of posts to the SA Railways. 61
While business was going well for Edward, family life was a different matter. At this point I need to take a detour to tell a story about the Teague and Knight families in Langhorne Creek.
The Teague and Knight families in Langhorne Creek and Township of Kent
My 3 x great grandfathers Edward Teague and John Knight had much in common. They shared a Cornish heritage, both lived in Pengelly in the 1840s and both worked at the Delabole quarry. As mentioned earlier, Edward’s eldest daughter Mary Jane Teague married John’s eldest son Thomas Skinner Knight in 1850. But they were very different in other respects. Edward could read and write and was a skilled artisan with experience in running his own business. He was born and lived in relatively large villages and towns such as Truro, Redruth and Penzance. His children were literate. In contrast, John could not sign his name. 62 Despite his decade as a quarry man at Delabole, John was originally an agricultural labourer from a long line of agricultural workers. I have traced John’s ancestors back to around 1707 and all were agricultural labourers in the rural parish of St Minver in Cornwall. His father Henry had been apprenticed in husbandry aged 10 years.63 Such apprenticeships were a family pattern and I suspect that John Knight was also apprenticed in husbandry when he was around 10 or 11 years, but further research is needed to prove this. 64
In 1854, Edward bought two allotments in the Township of Kent from Friend Clegget of Mount Barker for £23/10/00. Lot 75 was one acre located on section 3555 in the Hundred of Freeling (later Langhorne’s Bridge). Lot 66 was around 4 acres located on Section 3551 in the Hundred of Strathalbyn (later Langhorne’s Creek). 65 Lot 66 was adjacent to a one-acre church reserve donated by Friend Cleggett on which a new Wesleyan Methodist chapel was subsequently opened in November 1857. 66
These lots were essentially farming land. Having followed Edward’s life and land dealings closely, I am confident that he was not a farmer or interested in farming other than acquiring farming land to assist his children whenever he could.
Here’s my hypothesis based on what I know so far.
John Knight and his family struggled to find a foothold in South Australia. After initially settling in Littlehampton in 1847, John and his family ... sold out there, and then went below Mount Barker to work for a Mrs. Seymour. 67 I cannot be sure who this particular ‘Mrs Seymour’ was, but it is possible she was related to Henry Seymour, an early pioneer of the Mount Barker District.
Edward saw John Knight and his family, including his daughter Mary Jane, struggling to find a secure livelihood and decided to help. In 1854, he bought the two allotments in the Township of Kent (which later merged into the Township of Langhorne Creek to the south). 68 John and Mary Ann Knight and their three children, Thomas Skinner, Mary Lucy and George Skinner and their families relocated to farm Edward’s land. George Skinner was apprenticed to a Langhorne Creek shoemaker, Charles Bunn. 69 Four of Edward’s grandchildren were born in Langhorne Creek 1859 to 1867.
Despite its promise, Langhorne Creek was not kind to the Knight family. John Knight’s house at Langhorne’s Bridge was burnt to the ground in 1862. 70 His granddaughter Mary Ann Knight, daughter of Mary Jane Teague, drowned in a well in 1863 aged two years. 71 Then in February 1865 John was run over by a dray laden with bricks at Belvidere, around 9 km from Langhorne Creek, and died aged 56 years. 72 His grandson Alfred John Miller died less than a month later aged one year and was buried at the churchyard of Langhorne Creek Wesleyan chapel with his grandfather John. 73
With two children and another on the way, 26-year-old George Skinner Knight bought two 1⁄4 acre blocks in the Township of Kent in May 1865 to set up his shoe-making business, paying £17/10/0. 74 In September 1865, he took out a £50/0/0 mortgage on these two blocks.75
In October 1865, John Knight’s widow Mary Ann and two of her children, Thomas Skinner and Mary Lucy, regrouped after their losses and bought four adjacent blocks of land in the Township of Langhorne Creek, 76 while continuing to farm Edward’s land as well as additional rented land. In May 1866, George Skinner Knight brought his two lots in the Township of Kent under the Real Property Act and sold them, 77 probably to help his family financially.
The next year, 1867, John’s widow Mary Ann, by now listed as a farmer at Langhorne Creek, lost her home and many of her possessions in a big Langhorne Creek flood. 78
By the end of 1867, the Knight family seems to have given up the dream of establishing themselves as yeoman farmers and began re-locating to Reedy Creek, with the men and possibly the older boys, working at the Tungkillo/ Reedy Creek mine.
The final straw came when Thomas Skinner Knight, John’s first son and the husband of Mary Jane Teague, died in an accident at the Reedy Creek Mine in September 1869, aged 36 years, leaving seven children ranging in ages from one to 17 years. 82 With the loss of two male bread-winners, the large Knight family was forced to disperse and find a livelihood elsewhere: some went to the new copper mining town of Cobar in NSW, some to Bowhill on the Murray, some to Kalgoorlie in Western Australia while some returned to Littlehampton. This was the end of a united Knight family living and working together in South Australia.
In 1870-1871, Edward brought his land in the Township of Kent under the Real Property Act and sold it. 83 This was the end of Edward’s venture into Langhorne Creek.
Edward and Susannah’s widowed daughter Mary Jane Knight, now aged 36, returned to Littlehampton and brought up her four youngest children there, presumably with financial assistance from her father Edward, while her three older sons went to work cutting poles for the Overland Telegraph Line for a year, 84 before establishing themselves in Cobar NSW.
In 1883 Edward brought Lot 18 in Littlehampton under the Real Property Act and transferred it to Mary Jane and her youngest son, Thomas Skinner Knight junior. After Thomas Skinner junior died of typhus in Cobar in 1891 aged 22, Mary Jane held Lot 18 in her own right. It is likely that she left Littlehampton after this to join her five surviving sons and her mother-in-law Mary Ann in Cobar.
On 19th January 1894, Mary Jane transferred Lot 18 to her mother Susannah.
After Susannah died in July 1894, the Littlehampton Lot 18 passed to Mary Jane’s sister Matilda Hansen. On 10th March 1902, Matilda, by now firmly established in Stirling, sold it to James Alfred Coppin. It had been in the Teague family for 51 years.
An almost empty nest
By 1872, all Edward and Susannah’s children had married, except for their youngest daughter Matilda who did not marry until 1880. 85
In 1861, Louisa Teague married Nicholas Coad, a Cornish widower with four children. 86 They initially settled in Dairy Flat (now Torrens Vale), Yankalilla where her sister Amelia had settled some years earlier, and they had a daughter. But Nicholas died 18 months after they were married and Louisa returned to her family in Littlehampton. I have not researched whether Louisa also cared for Jane and Catherine Coad, the two youngest children of Nicholas Coad and his first wife Elizabeth Martin Symons. In 1868 Louisa married John Davies. 87 After some time in Littlehampton and then Stirling East, 88 Louisa and John settled in Gawler South from around 1873 and had seven children.
As mentioned previously, Lucretia Weller (nee Teague) died of epilepsy in 1864.
In 1869, Selina Teague married John Steven Nicholas. 89 They lived in Crafers until around 1880 before settling in Piccadilly where they raised their ten children. They seem to have prospered. When John Steven Nicholas died in 1914, he left an estate worth £14,400. 90
In 1870, Charles Teague married Sarah Rebecca Wright of Crafers at St James Church Blakiston and in 1872 James Henry Teague married Eliza Miels also at St James Blakiston. Eliza’s family were successful brewers in Littlehampton, taking over the brewery established by Benjamin Gray. 91
Both Charles and James Henry set their eyes on a farming life in the newly opened lands to the north, and with Edward’s help, the brothers went on to become successful farmers in the Hundreds of Walloway, Oladdie and Yalpara, but more of that later.
Making the move from Littlehampton to Stirling
At the start of the 1870s, Edward and Susannah decided to relocate from Littlehampton to Stirling.
Having sold his two parcels in the Township of Kent by early 1871, Edward then purchased 52 acres in Section 46 in the Hundred of Noarlunga from Richard Dixon Hawkins in July 1871. This land was on the northern side of today’s business centre of Stirling, bounded by what is today the South Eastern Freeway, Mount Barker Road, and Garrod Crescent. Hawkins had paid £801 for all of Section 46 (155 acres) back in 1854, so I expect that Edward would have paid a substantial sum 17 years later for his portion. 92
On 1 Jan 1873 Edward mortgaged his portion of Section 46 to Henry Timmins, but the mortgage was discharged a year later. 93 I think Edward disliked debt. In November 1873 he put his Littlehampton home and land up for auction, 94 but it does not seem to have sold. 95 It is always possible that Edward owned land in Littlehampton in addition to the Lots 11, 13 and 18 that I have identified, but I have found no records for that.
By the end of 1872 Edward, Susannah and Matilda had moved to Stirling. Charles and Sarah Rebecca may have moved earlier as the birth of their first child was registered there in 1871. James Henry and Eliza may have remained in Littlehampton until their first child was born in 1874. In March 1874, Edward sold Lot 11 in Littlehampton to John Rounsevell. 96 Then, in May 1874 he sold Lots 170-173 in Mount Barker to William Rollison, Corporal of Police in Mount Barker. 97
At this point Edward owned no land other than his 52 acres in Stirling and his 1851 Littlehampton lots. I believe he treated land as a bank account, holding on to his reserves until he needed to make a withdrawal (i.e. a sale or lease). Unlike the gentlemen of Adelaide who bought Section 45, 98 Edward did not lay out a development plan for his portion. He did not sub-divide it into neat blocks of specified sizes and sell off. This helps explain why the history of the development of the northern area of the business district of Stirling today is so difficult to track.
Madness perhaps, but I set myself the task of tracking what happened to Edward’s portion in Stirling between 1871 when he originally bought it and 1967 when the last parcel of Stirling land held by the Teague family passed out of the family’s hands – a period of 96 years. Little did I appreciate the scale of the task. Attachment 1 records the fruits of my labour.
Edward helps his sons head north
From 1873 when the Teague family moved from Littlehampton to Stirling, Edward’s sons Charles and James Henry began to acquire land in the newly opened country lands in the mid and upper north of South Australia and establish themselves as farmers. They started with credit selections in the Hundred of Caltowie, and then moved further north to the Hundreds of Walloway, Coomorroo, Oladdie and Yalpara, each time seeking the economies of scale necessary for successful farming in the harsh lands of the north.
Edward helped them get established. On 21st August 1876, he made a credit selection of Section 46 in the Hundred of Coomooroo containing 640 acres which Charles farmed. 99 On 26th March 1883 he transferred his lease to his son Charles on the grounds of physical incapacity.
In May 1883, Charles Teague took out five different leases totalling 2,958 acres in the Hundred of Yalpara. At the same time, his father Edward took out three leases totalling 3,026 acres. 100
In his will Edward left all his assets to his wife Susannah, but those were valued at under £220, a low sum for such a large landholder and successful businessman. 101 Given his sons’ significant expansion in land acquisition in the Hundreds of Yalpara, Oladdie and Bendleby from 1884, it is reasonable to conclude that they received some assets before their father’s death, as well as after his death. 102
Religious affiliations and inclinations
Edward was baptised in an early Independent Congregational church in Truro. 103 Susannah was baptised in St Marys Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Truro. Their first three children were baptised into the Arminian Bible Christian church (the Bible Christians being an off-shoot of Wesleyan Methodism) at the family home in Redruth, Cornwall. Their daughter Matilda was married in the Bible Christian manse in Franklin Street, Adelaide. 104 Their son Charles and his family attended services conducted by the Primitive Methodists in Orroroo and joined with others in 1878 to buy a site for the Primitive Methodist chapel in Orroroo. 105 Their granddaughter May Nicholas (daughter of Selina Teague) is buried in the Mount Lofty Bible Christian Cemetery at Uraidla. 106 Their daughter Louisa was married at the Adelaide residence of Rev. Robert Haining, the founding Presbyterian minister of the Church of Scotland in South Australia. 107 The Teague family’s religious inclinations were clearly Independent and non-conformist in nature, even though three of Edward’s children were married at St James Anglican Church at Blakiston, perhaps because of convenience rather than allegiance.
While here is not the place for a dissertation on non-conformism or religious history, the Teague religious heritage may offer some insights into the family not available from other sources.
Those arriving in South Australia in the first years came from five major Christian groups – Anglicans (of the Established Church of England), Nonconformists (or Dissenters), Roman Catholics, Scottish Presbyterians and German Lutherans (from 1838). The Nonconformists were further divided into Methodists, Baptists, Congregationalists and a few smaller sects. 108
The Teague family’s religious affiliations draw largely from the three main branches of Methodism: Wesleyan, Primitive Methodist and Bible Christian, with a leaning towards Bible Christianity.
In rural districts, church communities started by lay preachers in their own homes developed into churches with an ordained minister responsible for a Methodist circuit. The essential requirements for local preachers, mostly men, were loyalty to the church and love of the Bible. Evangelical zeal and widespread use of lay preachers contributed to the rapid growth of Methodism. Whereas in 1846 10% of the population was Methodist, by 1901 Methodists comprised one quarter of South Australia’s population, the highest proportion of any Australian state. Towards the end of the nineteenth century Methodism had become a comprehensive community embracing wealthy city businessmen, some pastoralists, many settlers in new farming areas, Cornish miners, and a variety of shopkeepers and professional people. 109
There are some distinct characteristics of Cornish Bible Christians that the Teague family may have shared. These included a focus on the needs of poor, illiterate rural labourers and miners (at least in Cornwall); equality of ministers and laity, by-passing the traditional clergy-laity hierarchy; preaching with fervour, zeal and conviction; women preachers; recurring and charismatic personal revival; and a biblical bent. 110 And, I suggest, commitment to a clear distinction between church and state.
Payton (2016) argues:
Methodists were not as socially staid as their detractors sometimes suspected. They may have avoided public houses, dance halls and theatres but often enjoyed a vibrant social and cultural life, conducted through the medium of the Methodist church – everything from concerts and picnics to outings and visits to the seaside – as well as frequenting temperance hotels and being active in Freemasonry and friendly societies ... By no means as narrow-minded or introvert as their critics suggested, South Australia’s Methodists were thus actively engaged in the community of which they were so conspicuously a part. 111
The dryness of an analysis based on Edward’s land records could be countered by the thought that he and Susannah were inclined toward egalitarianism and religious revivalism.
Soon after the founding of the Christian Colonist newspaper in 1878, Edward became an agent for it in Stirling East. 112 This was an undenominational (sic) religious journal bringing together news from many non-conformist churches – Presbyterian, Congregational, Baptist, Bible Christian, Primitive Methodist and Wesleyan. 113
In October 1877, the Stirling Bible Christian Chapel Minutes report that Edward was to be approached asking for contributions to a new chapel. 114 I do not know if he contributed financially. 115 However, in October 1879 it was reported that he had given a piece of land for a Congregational church in Stirling East. 116 On 20th November 1879 Edward transferred a 1⁄2 acre of his Stirling land to the Congregational Union and Home Mission of South Australia Incorporated of Adelaide (marked Parcel D on Exhibit 23 in Attachment 1). I am not clear why the new church was not built on this land but, instead, a decision was made to build on Allotment No. 7, Crafers Park estate with a frontage of 95 feet to Orley Avenue, obtained for £95. 117 The block that Edward had already transferred to the Congregational Union had a frontage of 150 feet to Mount Barker Road. Edward’s lot was transferred back to him on 15th May 1882 by the Congregational Union and possibly in lieu, he contributed £50 to the building of the new church on Orley Avenue.118 This parcel of land remained in the Teague family until 1895, when it passed to Orbell Harris Golding, blacksmith of Stirling West. In 1902 it was bought back into the Teague family by Charles Frederick Hansen and held intact until 1914 when a small portion was transferred to John Howard and Frederick Oliver Howard, wheelwrights, and William Alfred Woodgate, blacksmith, all of Crafers, as tenants-in-common, while the remainder was retained by the family. 119
Edward seems to have had an interest in working with children both through the Sabbath School movement and the Band of Hope which was the children’s arm of the temperance movement. In February 1879, he gave an address on Sabbath School work on the 20th anniversary of the Bible Christian Sabbath School, Stirling East, 120 and his daughter Matilda played the organ for the occasion. 121
As with so many Bible Christians, he was an active member of the temperance movement. He was President of the Stirling Temperance Society in 1875, which was reported ... to be in a prosperous condition with 114 members on the books. 122 He presided over and actively supported gatherings of the popular Band of Hope in Stirling, 123 which helped educate children in the ways of temperance. He was friends with Samuel and Mary Atwell of the Temperance Hotel, Stirling and conducted the funeral service for Mrs Atwell in July 1876. 124
Life and then death in Stirling
From this distance, and in the absence of any first-hand family histories, Edward and Susannah’s lives in Stirling seemed to have revolved around three things: family, business dealings and the church. I do not think he played an active role in political life, although he did support the successful candidature of John Dunn of Mount Barker for election to the South Australian Legislative Council in 1869, 125 and in 1882 he joined a committee of electors in Stirling East (along with Simeon Moss and John Carbis) to secure the return of Thomas King to the House of Assembly. 126
On the family front, grandchildren just kept coming. Edward and Susannah had 67 grandchildren, with most surviving to adulthood. 127 In 1880, his daughter Matilda aged 32 married Charles Frederick (Fredrik) Hansen aged 30. 128 Charles Frederick was born in Norway and had immigrated to Australia around 1875. 129 Matilda and Charles Frederick lived with Edward and Susannah in Stirling and went on to have four children, all born in Stirling West.
On the business front, Edward continued to work as a mason, with an annual entry to that effect in trade directories between 1875 and 1883. 130 I have found no records of him undertaking further contracting for public works. His land dealings – sales in Noarlunga and purchases in Coomooroo and Yalpara – would have occupied a good deal of his time.
But Edward was getting on, and I believe he became unwell during 1882 and decided to put his business affairs in order. In January 1882 he sold a 1⁄2 acre block of his section 46 land to Lloyd Webb, 131 and in April 1882 he sold 25 acres of Section 46 in Noarlunga to William Rendall Cave. 132
Edward retained around 12 1⁄2 acres of his original 52 acres and in June 1882 transferred it to himself and his wife Susannah Teague as joint tenants for their lives, with the caveat that after the death of both of them, the land would pass to their two sons, Charles Teague and James Henry Teague, farmers in Orroroo and to their daughter Matilda and her husband. 133 There were no transactions on this land between 1882 and 1894 when Susannah died. 134 As mentioned earlier, he transferred Lot 18 in Littlehampton to his daughter Mary Jane Knight in January 1883. 135 In March 1883 he transferred his lease over Section 46 in the Hundred of Coomooroo to his son Charles Teague. 136
By June 1883, there were clear signs that Edward was unwell. In a local court case brought against his son‐in‐law Charles Frederick Hansen by Thomas Joshua Lewis, two things emerged in the lengthy newspaper reports of the case. The first was that Edward was not in a fit state of mind to give evidence before the court, and that neither he nor his wife were in a fit state of health to travel from Stirling to Mount Barker. The second was that Edward’s son‐in‐law Charles Frederick Hansen was acting on Edward’s behalf in at least some business matters. 137
Edward died on 30th July 1883 in Stirling West aged 74 years. 138 He was buried in St James Cemetery, Blakiston.
In May 1884, 10 months after Edward’s death, his three leases in the Hundred of Yalpara were transferred to his son James Henry. 139
Matilda Teague had married Charles Frederick Hansen just three years before Edward died. Whatever his background was before his marriage, Charles Frederick worked with Edward in the stonemason business while Edward was alive, and ran it after he died. From 1888 until he died in 1921, Charles Frederick usually described himself as a mason in Stirling West. 140
Susannah Teague passed away in Stirling in 1894, at the age of 84, 141 and was buried with Edward in the churchyard of St James Church Blakiston. Her estate, valued at £156, was left to her daughter Matilda Hansen (nee Teague), 142 with caveats that ensured two thirds of the remaining Stirling land passed to her brothers Charles and James Henry. 143
Matilda and Charles Frederick Hansen continued to live in Stirling until Charles Frederick died in 1921, after which she moved to Adelaide where she died in 1936.
Attachment 1 tracks how the Teague land in Stirling was progressively sold off between 1894 and 1967.
ATTACHMENT 1. Research Note on initial sales of land in Section 46, Hd of Noarlunga granted to Richard Dixon Hawkins in 1854
This Attachment is in three Parts. Part 1 traces the initial sales of land purchased by Edward Teague in 1871 in Section 46, Hundred (Hd) of Noarlunga, coloured yellow in Exhibit 21. 144 The chronology is based on dates when the land passed out of the Teague family, not on the dates of transfers between members of the Teague family. Part 2 briefly traces initial sales from 1879 in the portion coloured blue in Exhibit 21 and Part 3 traces initial sales of land purchased by William Shocroft in 1879, coloured green in Exhibit 21.
Section 46, Hundred of Noarlunga was granted to Richard Dixon Hawkins on 18th January 1854. 145
Hawkins was born in London on 26th April 1818. 146 He married Ann Civiall at St Bride’s Church, Fleet Street London on 28th December 1841, 147 and a month later Richard and Ann set sail from London, arriving in Port Adelaide per the ship Lady Fitzherbert on 12th July 1842.
Hawkins was licensee of eleven hotels during the 34 years of his life in South Australia. His association with the Adelaide Hills began as the landlord of the Crafers Inn 1843-46 after which he moved around various country hotels. He returned to the Crafers Inn in 1854-56 and then again in 1860-63. 148 In 1864 he built his own inn at Aldgate which he named after the Aldgate Pump on the corner of Leadenhall and Fenchurch Streets in London near where he was born, and the township of Aldgate grew around this hostelry. 149 It was for his role as founder and landlord of the Aldgate Pump Hotel that he was most widely known in his own day. He sold the hotel in 1875 and moved to the Hagen Arms at Echunga where he died in 1877.
Part 1: Hawkins to Edward Teague
In July 1871 Hawkins sold 52 acres to Edward Teague (coloured yellow in Exhibit 21). Edward did not sell his portion according to any plan or formal subdivision, which is why the parcel-by-parcel account recounted in the following pages has been so challenging.
Parcel A (1874)
In May 1874 Edward Teague sold his first parcel on Section 46, a 1⁄2 acre (2 roods) block fronting Mount Barker Road near today’s Garrod Crescent. This sale was to EDWARD NORTHCOTE MAY, blacksmith. 150 Edward May was born in Lanhydrock, Cornwall, the son of Thomas May (blacksmith) and Elizabeth (nee Northcoat, sic) who resided in nearby Trebayn. 151 Edward Northcote May arrived in South Australia on 15th April 1866 per the ship Atalanta, aged 21. 152 He married Elizabeth Harriett Bowden on 4th December 1869. 153 They appear not to have had children. (Continued in Parcel C below.)
Parcel B (1877)
In August 1877 Edward Teague sold 9 acres 3 roods to SIMEON MOSS, manufacturer of Mount Barker. In October 1879, Moss transferred an unspecified portion of the land back to Edward Teague but six weeks later, on 20th November 1879, Edward Teague transferred the same area of land back to Simeon Moss. I do not understand the reason for this back and forth dealing. 154
Simeon Moss was baptised on 22 Apr 1821 at St Mary Abbots Church, Kensington, London. His father Thomas, a tailor, and his mother Frances were then living in The Terrace in the Parish of Kensington. 155 I have not found a Passenger List for his arrival with his family but newspaper reports suggest 1850. By September 1851 he was establishing himself as a cabinet-maker and storekeeper in Gawler Street, Mount Barker. 156
The land he bought from Edward Teague in what was then called Stirling East was used to grow fruit and by 1879 Simeon had become a jam-maker. 157 In 1881 he bought an additional 11 acres in Section 47 from William Rendall Cave to extend his fruit-growing. 158 His Wirrilda Jam Factory is well described in the newspapers of the time. 159
In 1879, Edward Teague and Simeon Moss asked the Mount Barker Council to have a road opened through their property from Mount Barker Road to Sawmill Road. Council agreed to inspect, with a payment of £37/17/00. 160 I presume this to be the Old Mount Barker Road. I believe that Sawmill Road became Old Carey Gully Road, 161 but I cannot see on a map where such a new road through their properties would run. Further research may be warranted.
In August 1899, Simeon Moss transferred a small parcel of his land (31 perches) fronting what is now Mount Barker Road to his daughter AMELIA MOSS. 162 On 5th July 1910 she sold it to JANE SCHANTZ, wife of Niels Morgansen Schantz, gardener of Piccadilly. Jane died in 1912 and the small parcel transferred to her husband, Niels. Niels died in 1925 and the title then was transferred to ARTHUR THOMAS CAPON, a returned soldier of Stirling West on 29th April 1927. 163 The area became known as Capon’s Corner, located on Mount Barker Road at the corner with Pomona Road which had just been established. 164 Capon’s Tea Rooms were however operating here from at least August 1926, 165 so Capon may have been leasing the property before he bought it.
Simeon Moss died at Stirling West in 1903 aged 82, 166 and various newspapers printed detailed obituaries which are not replicated here. 167 He was buried in St James Cemetery, Blakiston, with Lloyd Webb serving as undertaker (see note on Parcel E below). 168
After Simeon’s death, the land passed to his four children ARTHUR MOSS, 169AMELIA MOSS, AGNES EDLIN (nee Moss) and BERTHA ROSE SHARLAND (nee Moss). 170 In 1909 they sold it to WILLIAM SANDERS who then sold the remaining 8 acres to MICHAEL FRANCIS MORAN of Stirling West, butcher, later in the same year. Moran held it intact until 1927 when he sold a 4 -acre parcel running from Simla Avenue to Vista Terrace to HERMAN FREDERICK SHARRAD. 171 After Moran’s death in 1954, the southern parcel from Mount Barker Road to Simla Avenue, by now around 3 acres, was transferred to MESNIL’S FOOD MART LTD in 1957. 172
Certificates of Title indicate that some of Simeon Moss’s original nine-acre parcel was taken for Pomona Road and Beaumont Ave. 173
Parcel C (1879)
On 3rd March 1879, Edward Teague sold to EDWARD NORTHCOTE MAY additional land surrounding the small Parcel A that May had bought two years before, bringing May’s total holding to 3 acres 1 rood 30 perches. 174 Edward Northcote May continued his trade as a blacksmith in Stirling for almost two decades. His wife Elizabeth died at Stirling West in 1896. 175 Still a resident of Stirling West, he died at the home of his sister-in-law in North Adelaide two years later, aged 55. 176
He left his estate, valued at £255, to HENRY LAST, the husband of his sister-in-law Mary Ann Last (nee Bowden), to his niece Henrietta /Harriett Last and nephews John Last and Edward May Last. 177 In August 1898 Edward May’s Stirling property passed to HENRY LAST and his son JOHN LAST, and immediately passed to JOHN LAST. In March 1902 it transferred to JAMES GARROD of Stirling West, carpenter and undertaker. 178 It was subdivided in 1912. 179
Parcel D (1879)
This 1⁄2 acre (two rood) parcel was transferred by Edward Teague to the CONGREGATIONAL UNION & HOME MISSION OF SA INC in November 1879. 180
Mr. Ed. Teague had given a piece of land for a church at Stirling East. 181 A friend at Stirling East having offered to your committee a piece of land about half an acre in extent for church purposes your committee gladly accepted Mr. Teague's offer, and steps are being taken for the legal transfer of the land for the use of the denomination. 182
I am not clear why the new church was not built on this land but, instead, a decision was made to build on Allotment No. 7, Crafers Park estate with a frontage of 95 feet to Orley Avenue, obtained for £95. 183 The block that Edward had already transferred to the Congregational Union had a frontage of 150 feet to Mount Barker Road. Edward’s parcel was transferred back to him on 15th May 1882 by the Congregational Union and he subsequently contributed at least £50 to the building of the new church on Orley Avenue. 184
This parcel was transferred to Edward Teague’s wife Susannah Teague in August 1883, just after Edward’s death, for her sole and separate use. On her death in 1894, it then transferred to their sons Charles Teague and James Henry Teague, both farmers in Orroroo, on 4th April 1884. They sold it to JOHN ORBELL HARRIS GOLDING, blacksmith of Stirling West in June 1895. 185
In 1902, Golding sold it to Edward Teague’s son-in-law CHARLES FREDERICK HANSEN, so it was back in the family. Golding seems to have rented it from Hansen after this date. A dispute between Golding and Hansen over Golding’s non-payment of rent for his shop went to court in 1905, and Golding was ordered to quit the premises he had been renting. 186
In 1914, Hansen sold a small portion of the parcel (14 perches) fronting Mount Barker Road with a right of way to JOHN HOWARD and FREDERICK OLIVER HOWARD Wheelwrights and WILLIAM ALFRED WOODGATE Blacksmith, all of Crafers. After John Howard died in March 1919, his third share passed to his widow ELIZABETH HOWARD who in turn transferred it to her son FREDERICK OLIVER HOWARD and WILLIAM ALFRED WOODGATE. Frederick Oliver Howard then transferred his interest to WILLIAM ALFRED WOODGATE in 1923. Woodgate sold it in 1946 to LILLIAN MAY WATERS, and she held it until 1954 when it was transferred to the BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE STATE BANK OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 187
At the end of 1914, Hansen still retained 1 rood 26 perches. 188 In 1919 he sold 1 rood 3 perches to the BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE STATE BANK OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. Multiple different owners followed. 189
However, the portion coloured yellow in Exhibit 24 below (23 perches) was retained in the Hansen-Teague family until 1967. After Charles Frederick Hansen died in September 1921, 190 this portion passed to his wife MATILDA HANSEN. She held it until her death in 1936. 191 It then passed to her four children as tenants-in-common. As the children progressively died, it passed down to grandchildren. In August 1967 it was sold to RAYMOND WILLIAM SOMMER of Aldgate, Garage Proprietor. 192 After 96 years, the last of the original Teague land passed out of the family. On 16th October 1984, Sommer sold it to THE SHELL COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA. 193 It is now 69 Mount Barker Road.
Parcel E (1882)
Edward Teague leased this plot (1 rood 37 perches or almost 1⁄2 acre) to JOHN CARBIS for a term of four years from 27th September 1880. 194 John Carbis had been the proprietor of the Aldgate Pump Inn on Mount Barker Road 1878-1879 and the Stanley Bridge Hotel at Grunthal [Verdun] 1881-1882, 195 and before that had worked for many years with J. Hill & Co, Mail Contractors and Coach Proprietors which were located opposite the land he leased from Edward Teague. 196 He married Jane Adelaide Hubble in 1871. 197
John Carbis had arrived in 1849 from Cornwall as a one-year old with his parents and five siblings per the ship Prince Regent. 198 This was the same ship that Edward and Susannah had arrived on, so it is possible that Edward knew John’s parents, Pascoe Row[e] Carbis and Esther Bramble Carbis (nee Semmens) at least from the voyage. 199 Pascoe Row Carbis was just two years younger than Edward, 200 so they would have considered themselves contemporaries. The Carbis family was living in Penzance at the time of the 1841 UK Census, as was Edward’s family, 201 so the families may have met there. On the Prince Regent Passenger List, the birthplace of both the Teague family and the Carbis family was recorded as the Parish of Madron in Cornwall, just to the northwest of Penzance. The most curious aspect of this discussion is the use of ‘Pascoe’ as a first name, given Edward’s wife Susannah was born a Pascoe. Use of a surname as a first name in subsequent generations was not uncommon in Cornwall. Coincidence perhaps, but potential links between Pascoe Carbis and Susannah Pascoe are worthy of further research.
Chardon reports that a condition of the lease was that John Carbis, in the first year, was to build two rooms onto the existing dwelling erected there, and that it was to be built of stone procured from Edward Teague’s land on Section 46. 202 Edward Teague may have built the existing stone dwelling, and this was a very clever way for Edward to both clear his land and add value to it.
I think that John Carbis may have become ill not long after signing the lease, and on 11th October 1881 the lease was transferred to ROBERT BOWES, contractor of Stirling East. 203 John Carbis died in July 1883, reportedly after a long illness, aged 35 years. 204 He left a widow and an estate of £250. 205
I do not know if Carbis established a refreshment room of any sort, although his previous experience as a publican suggests that is possible. But Bowes certainly did and the Bowes Refreshment Rooms operated until around 1886, 206 and were the regular meeting place for Stirling West Institute Committee in 1883. It was the location of Stirling’s first library.207
As part of the lease, Bowes also rented a paddock behind the premises, which allowed him to run three cows in Edward Teague's paddock for the term of lease, and this provision was transferred from Carbis to Bowes. 208 Very fresh milk indeed at Bowes Refreshment Rooms!
Like Chardon, I believe that this was the same land that Edward Teague sold to LLOYD WEBB, carpenter and undertaker of Stirling West, in January 1882. 209 The location of Webb’s property is clearly stated as opposite the then Bank of Adelaide. 210 Chardon records that Webb paid £125/0/0 for the land. 211
Lloyd Webb, carpenter, arrived in Port Adelaide per the ship Rodney on 2nd December 1877, aged 25. His conduct on the journey from Plymouth was judged to be “Very Good.” 212 I have not thoroughly researched Lloyd’s origins, but believe he was born in 1853 in the parish of Whitchurch, Hampshire, England. His father William was a Carpenter Journeyman, and his mother Jane was a Schoolmistress, as was her mother Ann Keel. 213
It proved difficult to trace the early history of the piece of Edward Teague’s land that Webb bought in 1882. Two facts help. One is that Lloyd Webb aged 28 married Alice Spencer aged 18 on 31st May 1882 at the Crafers residence of the bride’s father, John Spencer. 214 This is relevant because the Spencer family figures prominently in the records for this land. Another is that Lloyd Webb seems to have conducted his carpentry and later undertaking business in Stirling in two phases. Phase 1 began towards the end of 1881 with the establishment of his building business, 215 then his entry into the undertaking business around 1886, 216 through his attempts to sell the business from March 1886 and ending with a mortgagee sale of his house and land in November 1886. 217 During this phase, his two children were born in Stirling West: Rodney Webb in 1882, 218 and Beatrice Webb in 1885. 219 Then there is a hiatus in the records. Phase 2 seems to have involved a re-boot of Webb’s carpentry and undertaking business in Stirling from 1891. For the next 30 years, until the end of 1920, he carried on his business, notwithstanding the premature death of his wife Alice in Stirling West in 1892 at the age of 28 years, 220 after two years of illness. 221
Armed with this contextual information, we can return to the land records. A week after purchasing the land from Edward Teague, Webb took out a mortgage on it on 26th January 1882, and a further mortgage in August 1882. The mortgagee for both was his father-in-law, John Spencer. Less than a year later, Webb’s mortgage was discharged. But he immediately took out a further mortgage in June 1883, again with John Spencer as mortgagee. A year later, Webb sold the property to ALBERT EDWARD KING, a timber merchant of Adelaide on 7th June 1886. A foreclosure order in favour of John Spencer was entered on 12th December 1887, suggesting perhaps that Spencer had made a loan to King to purchase the property, and subsequently acquired the title of it when King defaulted. John Spencer died in October 1904 and the land transferred to his sons JAMES AND BENJAMIN SPENCER who almost immediately transferred it to ANNIE ALMA CAVE, daughter of William Rendall Cave. Annie Alma Cave immediately leased it to Lloyd Webb on 23rd December 1904 for two years. Then, in 1907, she sold it to LLOYD WEBB. Webb sold it to DOUGLAS PERCY BENNETT, motor proprietor of Crafers on 25th May 1922. 222
I believe it is likely that Lloyd Webb conducted his carpentry and undertaking business from these premises almost continuously from 1882 to 1922, irrespective of whether he owned, leased or rented them. I found no evidence that he occupied other premises in Stirling. Chardon’s book contains a splendid photo of Lloyd Webb’s carpentry and undertaking business in the early 1900s. 223
Lloyd Webb died at Stirling West in June 1928 aged 75 years and was buried with his wife Alice in Payneham Cemetery. 224
Webb arranged the funerals of many of the citizens of Stirling. Perhaps most notable was the funeral for George Woodroffe Goyder, the Surveyor-General of South Australia after whom Goyder’s Line is named. 225
I have spent more time with Lloyd Webb than I should have. Perhaps this was because he also arranged the funeral of my 3 x great grandmother Susannah Teague in July 1894, 226 and his son Rodney Webb was the informant for Susannah’s death certificate.227
Parcel F (1882)
In March 1882, Edward Teague sold around half of his portion of Section 46 (25 acres 20 perches) to WILLIAM RENDALL CAVE, grain merchant and shipping agent of Adelaide, together with an unrestricted right of way (private road) to his property from what is now Mount Barker Road between Teague Parcels H and K and Simeon Moss’s Parcel B. 228
William Rendall Cave was in every respect a self-made success story. He was not born with a silver spoon, but he was not born poor. He was not afraid of hard work or of getting his hands dirty. In addition to becoming a grain merchant and shipping agent, he was an importer, exporter, ostrich farmer, property developer, Marine Board chairman and owner of 5 steam tug boats. He was a person of substance. One obituary reported: Always cheerful and genial, he made many friends, and his uprightness and business acumen raised him to a high position in the mercantile world. 229
He was born in Stoke-under-Ham, Somersetshire, in 1841. 230 He arrived in South Australia possibly in 1848 or 1849 when he was around six years old, together with his father Charles, a yeoman farmer, his mother Susannah/ Susan (nee Darby), his only brother John Darby Cave and his nine sisters. I have found no passenger lists for the Cave family, nor have other family history researchers. 231 William Rendall married Barbara Grierson in Adelaide in 1867. 232 They had a residence at Woodville, then Semaphore from around 1874 to 1890, then North Adelaide. From 1883 they also had a large property called Pomona at Stirling East on Section 47.
William Rendall Cave held considerable land both in the Adelaide District and more widely, including the Hundred of Noarlunga. The portion of the Section 46 land that Cave bought from Teague in March 1882 (Parcel F) bordered a portion of the Section 47 land that Cave had bought from Frederic Britten Burden in September 1881. And in 1882 not only did Cave buy 25 acres from Edward Teague but he also bought, with two others, 30 acres within Section 46 bordered on the south by today’s Golding Road-Golding Lane, on the east by Gould Road and adjoining Edward Teague’s 52 acres to the west. 233
When Edward Teague died in 1883, his Stirling land passed to his wife Susannah (as tenant-in-common). This land was around 24% (12 acres 2 roods 33 perches) of Edward’s original 52 acres in Section 46 and is shown bounded in green in Exhibit 25 below, 234 containing all the parcels labelled G-M in Exhibit 23.
In January 1885, two separate caveats were lodged over this land. 235 I have not examined the caveats themselves but believe the central intent was that, after Susannah’s death, the Stirling land was to be split three ways between Edward and Susannah’s three children: Charles, James Henry and Matilda, with Matilda and her husband Charles Frederick Hansen each individually having around one-half of their third. This would need to be verified by sighting the caveats.
There were no further sales of Teague land until after Susannah’s death in 1894, and her daughter Matilda Hansen was the sole executor of her will. 236
Caveat No. 187814 was withdrawn on 8th February 1895. The next day, Charles and James Henry Teague transferred Parcel H to their brother-in-law Charles Frederick Hansen. 237
On 27th February 1895, Charles Teague and James Henry Teague became tenants-in-common over the remaining 8 acres 1 rood 20 perches shown as Parcels D (part), G, I, J, L, and M. Charles Teague retained Parcel K, with Caveat No. 187813. 238 This Caveat remained until August 1913 when it was withdrawn after Charles’ death.
Parcel G (1899)
In November 1899, Charles Teague and James Henry Teague as tenants-in-common sold 1⁄2 acre fronting Mount Barker Road to FRANK BURROWES RADFORD and HERBERT JAMES RADFORD, bootmakers of Stirling West. 239
Frank Burrowes Radford, was born at Bridgewater in 1864, 240 the son of William Radford and Sarah Radford (nee Kidner). His younger brother Herbert James Radford was born there four years later. 241 Their father William had arrived in South Australia aged 27 from Somerset with his wife Sarah, aged 23 and two young children. 242 The family settled first in Uraidla, then Bridgewater (formerly Cox Creek Valley). By around 1882, William was running his boot making business in both Bridgewater and in Stirling.
William was a Bible Christian preacher and a strong temperance advocate. One of his obituaries noted:
Until Methodist union Mr. Radford was one of the most prominent laymen and local preachers in the Bible Christian Church. ... He had preached continuously for 69 years. As a visiting preacher he was highly esteemed in Methodist circles in many parts of the State. The Star of Hope Tent of Rechabites was formed by the deceased in 1863, and the first meeting, at Bridgewater was held in his house. In 1868 he was elected a Past District Chief Ruler of the South Australian District of the Order. 243
William held a range of prominent civic positions in Stirling, including the second chairman of the Stirling District Council, and serving on Crafers District Council. Chardon provides details on William’s purchase of land in Stirling in 1882, and on the initial purchase of land by Frank Burrowes Radford in 1893. 244
In late 1899 or early 1900, the Radford Brothers relocated their boot making business to their newly acquired block opposite Druid Avenue.
Both brothers married in their forties and after their father’s death: Charles Herbert in 1910, 245 and Frank Burrowes in 1911. 246 Both contributed to Stirling’s civic life. Frank Burrowes was active on the Stirling Institute committee and served as its chairman. 247 He also served as a councillor for Crafers District Council while his brother Herbert James served as an auditor for the Council. 248
In February 1915, Parcel G was transferred to Frank Burrowes Radford and his wife Esther Radford. 249 Frank continued his business here until ill-health caused his retirement and move to Parkside, probably in 1927. His property, by now right in the heart of the main shopping centre of Stirling West, was fulsomely described in the various notices for sale.
For Sale, at Mount Lofty, in the lovely township of Stirling West, my well-known Property, consisting of 8 good rooms, including front shop, hall passage, enclosed back verandah with copper built in, underground tank of about 2.000 gallons, bathroom under verandah, well of water close by, woodshed to hold 8 tons wood, pigsty, trap-shed and stall, stable, G.I. tank, 600-gal., at stable, fowl-run. Land 70 ft. frontage by 5 chains 20 links deep, planted with apples, plum trees, pears, passion fruit, gooseberry, raspberry, black and red currant bushes. Electric light alI throughout the house. 250
21 Jan 1928 the Parcel was transferred to EVA PERRY of Stirling West. She died in 1952 and it was eventually purchased by ERIC CHARLES PENBERTHY. 251
Frank Burrowes Radford died at Parkside in 1935, aged 71. 252 His brother Herbert James Radford died at Stirling West in 1937. 253 Herbert James is buried in Stirling Cemetery with his wife Emma Frances and their son Herbert Paul Radford. So too are his second son Wilfred (Wilf) Kidner Radford, Wilf’s wife Jessie Irene Radford (nee Lofts) and his father William Radford, his mother Sarah Radford (nee Kidner) and his sister Emma Jane Radford.
Parcel H (1902)
The inter-connected journeys of the more northerly Parcels H and K out of the Teague family proved particularly complicated to track.
As I researched the history of Parcel H closely, I came to question the statement in the 1997 Stirling District Heritage Survey that Two acres of land, owned by Charles Frederick Hansen, a mason, were purchased in February 1895 by William Randell Cave, 254 and that William Rendall Cave built and owned the heritage-listed house and stables at 7 Pomona Road, Stirling. I have concluded that both these statements are incorrect, and I discuss this in detail in Attachment 2.
After Edward Teague died and all his land had passed to his wife Susannah Teague, his more northerly portion (adjoining Sections 2797 and 2798) was surveyed, with the survey report dated 20th March 1884 and subsequently annotated on 27th January 1885. 255 A day after the annotation, on 28th January 1885, two caveats were added to the original Certificate of Title, as mentioned earlier. 256
The 1884-85 survey is helpful because it shows the measured boundaries and area of Parcels H and K, and the location of these parcels relative to the land William Rendall Cave had bought from Edward Teague in 1882 (Parcel F), and proximity to Section 47 where Cave had established his summer residence Pomona.For ease of reading I have labelled the 1884-85 Survey (Exhibit 26) using the same parcel labelling system I have used throughout this Attachment.
As noted earlier, in February 1895, Charles Teague and James Henry Teague as tenants-in-common transferred Parcel H (2 acres 1 rood 29 perches including the Private Road) to their brother-in-law Charles Frederick Hansen, together with a right of way from Mount Barker Road through Parcel K to Parcel H. 257
Three days later, on 12th February 1895, Hansen transferred to WILLIAM RENDALL CAVE a narrow sliver of land (3 perches or 75 square metres) of this parcel, bordering Section 2798 and running alongside what is now the South Eastern Freeway.
This transfer was probably to provide a direct access route from the west to the land that Cave had bought in 1882 (Parcel F). Clearly, the house and stables at 7 Pomona Road were not built on this sliver. These 3 perches were transferred from William Rendall Cave to FREDERICK CHARLES HOWARD in September 1907. 258
This left Charles Frederick Hansen with 2 acres 1 rood 26 perches, subject to two rights of way.
On 1st March 1895, Hansen mortgaged Parcel H to William Rendall Cave, and the mortgage was discharged on 3rd November 1902. On the same day, Hansen sold Parcel H to EDWARD GIBBON WAKEFIELD, 259 who held it until October 1906, when it was transferred to FREDERICK CHARLES HOWARD. After Howard’s death in 1919 it passed to Howard’s widow LUCY GRIERSON HOWARD (nee Cave), daughter of William Rendall Cave and to his son CHARLES ROY HOWARD. CT 595/19 notes that ... Portion of the within land marked Private Road has been opened up as a New Road and a New Road opened adjoining the within portion of Section 46 on the south east. Vide confirmation of Road Order in Gazette of 6th December 1923. As Chardon notes, it is indeed puzzling why there would be two adjoining roads, one of which would become Pomona Road in 1927. 260 After Charles Roy Howard died in 1935, Lucy Grierson Howard sold a portion of the land to CHARLOTTE SANDERSON in June 1938. 261 She then brought Parcel H and Parcel K (minus the portion sold to Charlotte Sanderson) under a single title. 262
See Parcel K below for further details.
Parcel I (1902)
James Henry Teague died of sunstroke in 1901, leaving his estate to his widow Eliza Teague (nee Miels). Eliza and Charles Teague then became tenants-in-common over the remaining Teague land. In December 1902, they sold 1⁄2 acre (2 roods 8 perches) to JANE DRUMMOND (nee Dalgliesh), wife of Alexander Graham Drummond of Stirling West, Chaff Merchant. 263
Jane’s husband died in 1921, 264 but the Drummonds seem to have re-located to Adelaide before then. They did not sell Parcel I until 1924, so it may have been leased or rented. In July 1924, Jane sold it to GEORGE ALFRED SYKES RISELY of Stirling West, Chaff Merchant and his wife EDITH ALICE RISELY, under mortgage. Risely must have had financial troubles because the mortgagee then sold it on to ARNOLD JOHN COPELAND, mounted constable of Stirling West on 23rd February 1937.
After Copeland’s death in September 1947, the property passed to his executors, and I have found no further sales until 1971 when it was sold to HERRIOT DRY CLEANERS PTY LTD, 265 suggesting that it was rented or leased for the intervening years.
Parcel J (1903)
By the start of 1903, Eliza Teague and Charles Teague still owned 7 acres 2 roods 24 perches of Section 46 as tenants-in-common. 266 In August 1903 they sold 4 acres 2 roods 8 perches (Parcel J) to WILLIAM RENDALL CAVE. Most of this land adjoined Parcel F that Cave had purchased from Edward Teague back in 1882. It also included two small strips of land providing access to it from Mount Barker Road. One strip ran roughly alongside Drummond’s Parcel I, while a wider strip ran between Teague Parcels M and D along what is now Merrion Terrace. 267
A month later, in September 1903, William Rendall Cave sold 2 roods 25 perches on the Aldgate side of what is now Merrion Terrace to KATE ISABEL PHILLIPS of Adelaide, with a right of way that became incorporated into Merrion Terrace. 268 Kate Isabel Phillips seems to have been an employee of Cave & Co. 269
William Rendall Cave held the remainder until his death in 1916 when it passed to his son JOHN RENDALL CAVE. 270 John Rendall Cave sold the remaining 3 acres 3 roods 23 perches to AMOS FRANCIS CHINNER of Adelaide in May 1926. In May 1926, John Rendall Cave also sold to Chinner most of the remaining portion of Parcel F that William Rendall Cave had bought from Edward Teague in 1882. 271 Chinner then sub-divided the combined land into 48 allotments as per Deposited Plan No. 3602 of 1927. A portion of this land was vested in the District Council of Crafers as a Reserve and Terrace, 272 (Exhibit 30). In May 1927, Chinner sold it to NICHOLAS CHEVALIER MacCORMAC, land agent of Adelaide, who progressively sold off individual allotments.
Parcel K (1917)
Based on the 1884-85 Survey, Parcel K was originally 1 acre 2 roods 31 perches. After Parcel H was split off and transferred to Charles Frederick Hansen in 1895, no further action was taken in relation to this parcel until 16th May 1912 when a new Certificate of Title was issued in the name of CHARLES TEAGUE, 273 containing 1 acre 3 roods 24 perches (6 perches were presumably taken for a new road), subject to Caveat No. 187813 dated 28th January 1885. This was just 4 days before Charles Teague died, intestate.
Upon Charles’ death on 20th May 1912, 274 his estate passed to his widow SARAH REBECCA TEAGUE. Caveat No. 187813 over Parcel K was withdrawn on 25th August 1913. On 12th September 1913, Sarah Rebecca transferred this parcel for life to her sister-in-law MATILDA HANSEN (nee Teague) who was by this time living in Hyde Park, and then to Matilda’s children as tenants-in-common. Her children — CHARLES EDWARD HANSEN, telegraphist of Hyde Park, EVA AUGUSTA MUELLER (nee Hansen) of Hyde Park, LILLIAN PALLEN (nee Hansen) of Swan Reach and LUCRETIA MAY HANSEN of Hyde Park — sold Parcel K to FREDERICK CHARLES HOWARD on 16th October 1917. After Frederick Charles Howard’s death in 1919, the land was transferred to his widow LUCY GRIERSON HOWARD (nee Cave) and their son CHARLES ROY HOWARD.
By the end of 1919, Lucy Grierson Howard owned, with Charles Roy Howard, both Parcel H and Parcel K. After Charles Roy Howard died in 1935, the title passed to LUCY GRIERSON HOWARD who sold a portion of Parcel K to CHARLOTTE SANDERSON June 1938 (marked Parcel X in Exhibit 31). 275
In 1938 Lucy Grierson Howard brought Parcel H and the balance of Parcel K together under a single title of 3 acres 1 rood 20 perches. 276
Lucy Grierson Howard died in 1950. 277 This land then passed to her sons John Gilmore Howard and Robert Grierson Howard in February 1951 who sold it to SAMUEL IZAK LANDAU and MINNIE CHRISTINA LANDAU on 2nd February 1951.
This land (Parcels H plus K minus X) was then joined with a portion of Parcel F. In January 1893, William Rendall Cave had split off 3 acres 1 rood 15 perches from the 25 acres (Parcel F) that he had purchased from Edward Teague in 1882, and transferred it to his brother-in-law FREDERICK CHARLES HOWARD and WILLIAM ROBERTSON, a business associate. 278 In July 1900 they sold 4 perches to CLARA EVA BRAY to provide her with a right of way along the private road to and from her land in Section 47. 279
Howard and Robertson transferred the remaining 3 acres 1 rood 11 perches to FREDERICK CHARLES HOWARD, 280 and CHARLES HERBERT WARREN in December 1902. 281 In September 1910 it passed to the surviving children of William Rendall Cave: Ellen May Brebner (nee Cave), Lucy Grierson Howard (nee Cave), Annie Alma Cave, Emily Marie Moorhouse (nee Cave), Hugo Charles Cave, John Rendall Cave, and Edmund Howard Cave as tenants-in- common. In October 1916, they transferred a portion (2 acres 2 roods 30 perches) to FREDERICK CHARLES HOWARD. 282
After the death of Frederick Charles Howard in 1919, the portion passed to his widow LUCY GRIERSON HOWARD and their son CHARLES ROY HOWARD. Charles Roy Howard died in 1935 leaving Lucy Grierson Howard as sole owner. A portion of the land was taken for a new road (Pomona Road) in 1923. In January 1950, Lucy Grierson Howard transferred it to Lucy Grierson Howard and her sons JOHN GILMORE HOWARD and ROBERT GRIERSON HOWARD. They then sold a small portion to GORDON HALL CHOMEL in February 1950. 283 They jointly held the remaining 2 acres until Lucy Grierson Howard died in June 1950 when it passed to John Gilmore Howard and Robert Grierson Howard. On 2nd February 1951 the parcel was split in two.
One portion of a little less than 1 acre 2 roods was sold to SAMUEL IZAK LANDAU and MINNIE CHRISTINA LANDAU on 2nd February 1951. On the same day, a second portion of 1 acre 34 perches was transferred to BARBARA HOWARD, the daughter of Frederick Charles Howard. 284 She held this until July 1953 when she sold it to SAMUEL IZAK LANDAU of Pomona Road, Stirling West, merchant. 285
By July 1953, the Landau’s owned 4 acres 1 rood 15 perches in Section 46, excluding a small parcel adjacent in Section 2797. 286
Why go in to this level of forensic detail? I wanted to solve the puzzle of who built the heritage-listed house and stable listed as 7 Pomona Road. See Attachment 2 for my findings.
Parcel L (1920)
After the sale of Parcel J to William Rendall Cave in 1903, Charles Teague and Eliza Teague as tenants-in-common retained a total of 3 acres 16 perches of the original 52 acres. 287 In 1905 they split this in half, with each holding 1 acre, 2 roods 8 perches on separate titles. These are labelled Parcel L (held by Charles Teague), 288 and Parcel M (held by Eliza Teague). 289
In 1906, Charles transferred Parcel L to his wife SARAH REBECCA TEAGUE. She held it until June 1920 when she sold it to MILLICENT MAUD BOWERING, wife of Jonathon Richard Bowering, agent of College Park.
In August 1922, Bowering sold 1 rood 36 perches to PERCY BENJAMIN HART, blacksmith of Stirling East, 290 retaining 1 acre 12 perches until 1943 when she sold it to GILBERT GORDON DYER, master baker of Stirling West. 291 It was held by the Dyer family until 1960 when they sold it to WILKINSON & CO LTD.
In 1966 a portion was transferred to the DISTRICT COUNCIL OF STIRLING, 292 and a smaller portion to the ST JOHN COUNCIL FOR SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 293 These two portions, plus all of Parcel M, were incorporated within Filed Plan 1141.
Parcel M (1947)
As noted under Parcel L, Parcel M (comprising 1 acre 2 roods 8 perches) was transferred to Eliza Teague (widow of James Henry Teague and daughter-in-law of Edward Teague) in 1905, and she held it until she died on 4th July 1946. 294 It would seem that she rented it to a tenant as per the deceased estate Notice of Sale below.
Her executors (who included her son Melton Victor Teague) sold it to ROBERT MICHAEL REMILTON in February 1947. In October 1950, Remilton transferred a small portion fronting Merrion Terrace to FREDERICK CHARLES CUTTING of Stirling West, Contractor and his wife ROBERTA LILLIAN CUTTING together with a right of way. 295 It was transferred to the District Council of Stirling 20th January 1972.
In January 1951, the Remiltons sold the balance (1 acre 1 rood) at the corner of Mount Barker Road and Merrion Terrace to CECIL BOASE MADDERN dentist of Stirling West. In June 1955 the land was transferred to the District Council of Stirling. 296
Parcel M was then incorporated into Filed Plan 1141, together with a portion of Parcel L.
Part 2: Hawkins Estate to Various
Richard Dixon Hawkins died on 18th April 1877, aged 58 years, 297 and his remaining land was progressively sold by the beneficiaries. From August 1879 individual parcels in the area bounded today by Mount Barker Road, Gould Road and Golding Road (coloured blue in Exhibit 21) were sold.
Initial sales / transfers of this land that I have identified were:
- To Joseph Searle, Crafers, Labourer, 1 acre 1 rood, August 1879. 298
- To John Wishart, North Adelaide, Contractor, 3 acres 1 rood 23 perches, August 1879. 299
- To Reuben Golding, Stirling East, Gardener, 10 acres 30 perches, August 1880. 300
- To Salvator Rosa Wakefield, Adelaide, Auctioneer, 2 acres 3 roods 19 perches, April 1882. 301
- To Stephen Gould, Stirling East, Market Gardener, 11 acres, August 1884. 302
- To William Gould, Stirling, Retired Carrier, 2 acres 2 roods 24 perches, March 1929. 303
Part 3: Hawkins Estate to William Shocroft
In October 1879, 30 acres were sold to William Shocroft the younger of Payneham, Gardener (coloured green in Exhibit 21). This ran from what is now Golding Road northwards to what is now Pomona Road. Shocroft leased the land to David John Gray for 9 years from 1st July 1879, with a right of purchase for £900/0/0. In November 1881 Shocroft took out a mortgage on the land. 304
Salvator Rosa Wakefield, auctioneer, scheduled a public auction on 18th March 1882 of the land which had been subdivided into 16 blocks, as per Exhibits 36 and 37. I presume this was on the instructions of William Shocroft. I do not know if the auction proceeded as scheduled, but am confident that no blocks were sold at auction.
Some sort of deal must have been done between William Shocroft and Salvator Rosa Wakefield.
On 31st July 1882, Development Plan 1203 was approved, dividing the land into six Lots. The Surveyor’s Plan was consented to by William Rendall Cave, Alfred Jones and Salvator Rosa Wakefield. 305
Shocroft’s mortgage was discharged in August 1882, and at the same time, David John Gray surrendered his lease. Shocroft transferred the entire portion of 30 acres to William Rendall Cave, Alfred Jones and Salvator Rosa Wakefield as joint tenants on 22nd August 1882. 306
Cave, Jones and Wakefield then sold off all six Lots over two days on October 10th and 11th 1882.
- Lots 1 and 3, totalling 10 acres 3 roods 27 perches, sold to Reuben Golding. 307
- Lot 2 containing 1 acre 3 roods 9 perches sold to Salvator Rosa Wakefield. 308
- Lot 4 containing 1 acre 3 roods 19 perches sold to George Howell. 309
- Lot 5 containing 1 acre 3 roods 19 perches sold to William Rendall Cave. 310
- Lot 6 containing 13 acres 3 roods 32 perches sold to Thomas King.311
On 31st July 1882, Development Plan 1203 was approved, dividing the land into six Lots. The Survey Plan was consented to by William Randell Cave, Alfred Jones and Salvator Rosa Wakefield. 312 Shocroft’s mortgage was discharged in August 1882, and at the same time, David John Gray surrendered the lease. Shocroft transferred it to William Rendall Cave, Alfred Jones and Salvator Rosa Wakefield as joint tenants on 22nd August 1882. 313
ATTACHMENT 2: House and stables, No. 7 Pomona Road, Stirling
The 1997 Stirling District Heritage Survey, in discussing the heritage-listed house and stables at 7 Pomona Road, stated that:
The actual date of construction of this house is difficult to determine although its style suggests that it was built at the turn of the century. Two acres of land, owned by Charles Frederick Hansen, a mason, were purchased in February 1895 by William Randell (sic) Cave. Cave also owned 'Pomona' on Old Mount Barker Road, Crafers, which had been built in c. 1880, and it is possible that this property may have abutted 'Pomona'. In September 1907 this house on Pomona Road was bought by Frederick Charles Howard. It seems that the property at this time also included the small cottage known as 'Skye Cottage' on the other side of Pomona Road. Members of the Landau family have owned the house and stables since 1951. 314 (my emphasis)
This house and stables are located on part of the 52 acres within Section 46 in the Hundred of Noarlunga that Edward Teague purchased from Richard Dixon Hawkins in July 1871. As I traced the original sales of Edward Teague’s 52 acres of Section 46, it became evident that:
a) Edward Teague’s son-in-law Charles Frederick Hansen did not sell 2 acres of land to William Rendall Cave in 1895, and William Rendall Cave did not own or build the house and stables at 7 Pomona Road as stated on page 428 of the 1997 Heritage Survey. On 12th February 1895, Hansen transferred to William Rendall Cave a narrow sliver of land (3 perches or 75square metres) of his parcel, bordering Section 2798, and running parallel to what is now the South Eastern Freeway. This transfer was probably to provide a direct access route from the 314 west to the land that Cave had bought from Edward Teague in 1882. The very same 3 perches were transferred from William Rendall Cave to Frederick Charles Howard in September 1907. 315
b) Frederick Charles Howard did not buy this property from William Rendall Cave in September 1907. Rather, he bought it in October 1906 from Edward Gibbon Wakefield, 316 who had in turn bought the land from Charles Frederick Hansen in November 1902. 317
c) A month after the land parcel (Parcel H in Exhibit 22) was transferred from the Teague estate to Charles Frederick Hansen in February 1895, Hansen took out a mortgage with William Rendall Cave. The mortgage was discharged in November 1902 and, on the same day, he sold it to Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
There are three options for who originally built the house and stables.
Charles Frederick Hansen. Having written a comprehensive family history of the Teague-Hansen family, I think it is highly unlikely that Hansen would have built such a grand home either to live in or to sell. Such an action is totally inconsistent with the way he conducted his business or lived his life.
Frederick Charles Howard. It is possible that Frederick Charles Howard built the house after he purchased the land in 1906. His wife, Lucy Grierson Howard, daughter of William Rendall Cave was obviously very fond of it, 318 and it was very close to her father’s property Pomona on Section 47. She held the house and land in her own name from 1919 when her husband died until 1950 when she died. She progressively extended the property to include adjacent land to the north west and south east. It passed to her sons after her death and they sold the property to Samuel Izak Landau and Minnie Christina Landau on 2nd February 1951.
Edward Gibbon Wakefield. On the balance of evidence, I believe the house was built by Edward Gibbon (Ted) Wakefield and his wife Helen Wakefield (nee Sabine) to live in after they were married in June 1901. This would put the date of the house at around 1902-1903.
Edward Gibbon Wakefield’s father, Salvator Rosa Wakefield was an auctioneer and land valuator, a very well-known business identity in Adelaide, 319 and a large landowner in the Stirling area in the 1880s. Edward Gibbon joined his father’s firm and after his father’s death in 1898, he took over the business at the very young age of 24 and became a land and financial agent. 320 He married Helen Sabine in June 1901. 321 In December 1901 a Mrs E.G. Wakefield of Mount Lofty was advertising for a general servant, with ...two in family. 322
While Edward Gibbon’s offices were in Royal Chambers in Currie Street, Adelaide, from May 1903 he was advertising as being based in Stirling and Currie Street. 323
In 1903 he was living in Stirling West, as were William Rendall Cave, Simeon Moss, Lloyd Webb, the Radford brothers, Charles Frederick Hansen and other early Stirling settlers. 324 Their first child, Charles Edward Wakefield was born in Stirling West in 1904, 325 and in 1905 Mrs E. G. Wakefield of Stirling West advertised for a Cook (Laundress) and Nursery-Housemaid for Mount Lofty. 326 In 1906 he was listed in the Sands Directory as living at Stirling West. 327
A 1953 obituary confirmed that he lived at Mount Lofty (i.e. Stirling), commuting by train to the City until 1906 when, through a chance encounter on a train, he decided for a life on the land. He sold up in South Australia at the end of 1906 and relocated to NSW where he had bought two blocks within the Bangaroo Station at Canowindra in the central west of NSW. 328
He sold the Stirling property to Frederick Charles Howard in September 1906 and he put the furniture and effects of his Stirling house to auction in November 1906.
By March 1907 a Canowindra newspaper was reporting that:
Mr. E. T. (sic) Wakefield one of the purchasers of Bangaroo subdivision has not let the grass grow under his feet. Since October he has had erected a nice five-roomed cottage, fenced and subdivided his whole property, and at present has as fine a crop of corn as one would wish to see, estimated to yield fully 80 bushels per acre. 329
The chronology of the parcel of land on which the house and stables were built is detailed in the discussion of Parcel H in Attachment 1, and is not repeated here.
ATTACHMENT 3: Descendant Chart: Edward Teague and Susannah Pascoe
+SUSANNA LEVES, bap. 21 Oct 1781 Kenwyn, Cornwall, m. 12 May 1808 Truro, Cornwall, d. 6 May 1809
└── Edward Teague, b. 15 Apr 1807 Cornwall, d. 30 Jul 1883 Stirling West, SA
+Susannah Pascoe, b. 6 May 1811 Truro, Cornwall, m. 14 Aug 1831 St Clement, Cornwall, d. 30 Jul 1894 Stirling West, SA
├── MARY JANE TEAGUE, b. 14 Dec 1833 Truro, Cornwall, d. 3 Jan 1905 Cobar, NSW
+Thomas Skinner Knight Snr, bap. 19 Jun 1831 St Endellion, Cornwall, m. 10 Oct 1850 Adelaide, SA, d. 6 Sep 1869 Reedy Creek, SA
├── Henry Knight, b. 21 Jul 1852 Adelaide, SA, d. 12 Jan 1933 Cobar, NSW
+Elizabeth Gordon, b. 29 Feb 1852 Aberdeenshire, m. 1 Nov 1877 Bourke, NSW, d. 27 Aug 1938 Cobar, NSW
├── Mary Jane Gordon Knight, b. 3 Nov 1878 Bourke, NSW, d. 6 Jun 1915 Cobar, NSW
+Arthur James Kenny, b. 1873, m. 1898 Cobar, NSW, d. 27 Jul 1938 Wollongong, NSW
├── Ada Helena Kenny, b. 8 May 1900 Cobar, NSW, d. 28 Aug 1966 Wollongong, NSW
+Rupert Cedric Charles Pricory Johnson, m. 30 Oct 1917 Cobar, NSW
├── Bessie Johnson, b. 1918
└── Ronald Gordon Johnson, b. 1923
├── Adam Gordon Kenny, b. 3 Apr 1903 Cobar, NSW
+Thelma Elsie Ivy Thrip, b. circa 1910 Sydney, NSW, m. 16 Apr 1938 Wollongong, NSW, d. 24 Nov 2000 Wollongong, NSW
└── Elsie May Kenny, b. 1910, d. 4 Dec 1967 Wollongong, NSW
+Robert Foye, m. 1935 Wollongong, NSW
├── Joyce Gordon Foye, b. circa 1936, d. 1937 Wollongong, NSW
└── Colin Gordon Foye, b. 1939 Wollongong, NSW, d. 15 Aug 2014 Wollongong, NSW
├── Eveline Elizabeth Gordon Knight, b. 12 Feb 1880 Cobar, NSW, d. 25 Aug 1919 Gulgong, NSW
+Charles Henry Nevins, m. 1896 Cobar, NSW
├── Elsie May Nevins, b. 2 Feb 1898
└── Charles Allan (Hookie) Hogden
├── Charles Henry Nevins, b. 1900
├── Heather Blanche Nevins
├── Elsie Dawn Nevins
├── Charles Henry (John) Nevins
└── Frederick Allan Nevins
└── Walter James Nevins, b. 1904, d. 1952
+Edith (Nora) Hogden, m. after 1904
├── Mavis Joan Nevins, b. 1929
└── John Gordon Nevins, b. 1934
├── George Gordon Knight, b. 9 May 1881 Cobar, NSW, d. 23 Aug 1966 Cobar, NSW
+Ellen Matilda (Nell) Kemp, b. 8 Feb 1891 Nymagee, NSW, m. 20 Dec 1930 Sydney, NSW, d. 24 Feb 1966 Cobar, NSW
├── Henrietta Gordon Knight, b. 22 Jul 1882 Cobar, NSW, d. 7 Oct 1965 Cobar, NSW
+Walter James Mitchell, b. 20 May 1878 Cobar, NSW, m. 10 Oct 1900 Cobar, NSW, d. 13 Jul 1934 Cobar, NSW
├── George Henry Mitchell, b. 1901 Cobar, NSW, d. 3 Aug 1902 Cobar, NSW
├── Charles Allan Mitchell, b. 25 Dec 1904 Cobar, NSW, d. 19 Jul 1981
+Elsie Irene Spencer
├── Jessie Irene Mitchell, b. 1934
├── Shirley Ann Mitchell, b. 1936
└── Charles Allan (Tom) Mitchell, b. 1938
├── Walter Gordon (Shindy) Mitchell, b. 20 Jun 1906 Cobar, NSW, d. 18 Jun 1974 Cobar, NSW
+Margaret Mary Lynch, m. 1930 Cobar, NSW
├── Eveline Elizabeth (Eva) Mitchell, b. 17 Oct 1907 Cobar, NSW, d. 10 Jul 1987 Cobar, NSW
+Herbert Burton, m. circa 1927, d. 1991Page 59
├── Arthur John Mitchell, b. 1909 Cobar, NSW, d. 1909 Cobar, NSW
├── Robert Edward Mitchell, b. 14 Mar 1911, d. 6 Aug 1996 Cobar, NSW
+Priscilla Anniversary Doreen Dickson, m. 1940 Parramatta, NSW, d. 1 Jun 1991
├── Ethel May (Effie) Mitchell, b. 7 Jul 1913 NSW, d. 2004
+Rev. Raymond George, m. 1970
├── Adam Joseph (Mate) Mitchell, b. 11 Jul 1914 Cobar, NSW, d. 2 Jan 1991 Cobar, NSW
+Ruby Halfpenny, m. 1938 Cobar, NSW, d. 2 Jan 1991 Cobar, NSW
└── Henrietta Helen Mitchell, b. 18 Jul 1916 NSW, d. 15 Jul 1999
+James Harrington (Jim) Miller
├── Elizabeth Gordon Knight, b. 13 Oct 1883 Cobar, NSW, d. 26 Oct 1970 Cobar, NSW
+William Evans, b. 1871 Carcoar, NSW, m. 1903 Cobar, NSW, d. 1942 Orange, NSW
├── William Henry Evans, b. 1903 Cobar, NSW
+Ellen Josephine Flynn, m. 27 Apr 1926
├── Thomas Hilton Evans, b. 1906 Cobar, NSW, d. 28 Jul 1979 Cobar, NSW
+Elsie Mary Knight, b. 7 Sep 1908 Cobar, NSW, m. Sep 1930 Cobar, NSW, d. 5 Nov 1995
├── Kenneth Evans
└── Paul Evans
├── Norma Evans
└── Ann Evans
├── Edith May Evans, b. 1908 Cobar, NSW
+Hubert L (Bert) Day, m. 1932 Cobar, NSW
└── Joseph John Evans, b. 1911 Cobar, NSW
├── Adam Gordon Knight, b. 9 May 1885 Cobar, NSW, d. 14 Aug 1951 Cobar, NSW
+Mary Ann Lynch, m. 1938 Cobar, NSW
├── Joseph Henry Gordon Knight, b. 20 Jun 1887 Cobar, NSW, d. 21 Aug 1966 Cobar, NSW
├── Robert Gordon Knight, b. 19 Aug 1889 Cobar, NSW, d. 14 Mar 1967 Cobar, NSW
+Elizabeth Jane Dawson, m. 1917 Cobar, NSW
├── Gordon Knight, b. 26 Jan 1892 Cobar, NSW, d. 17 Jul 1971 Cobar, NSW
├── Theresa Gordon Knight, b. 19 Sep 1893 Cobar, NSW, d. 1 Nov 1980 Cobar, NSW
+Walter McLearn Davidson, m. 1929 Cobar, NSW, d. 30 Nov 1941 Cobar, NSW
├── Thurza Gordon Knight, b. 19 Sep 1893 Cobar, NSW, d. 27 Aug 1956 Cobar, NSW
+Albert Edward (Abb) Eves, m. 1939 Cobar, NSW
├── John Gordon Knight, b. 25 Oct 1895 Cobar, NSW, d. 22 Dec 1922 Cobar, NSW
+Rose Amelia Bennett, b. 1898 Cobar, NSW, m. 1920 Cobar, NSW
├── Charles Gordon Knight, b. 19 Dec 1897 Cobar, NSW, d. 3 Jan 1963 Cobar, NSW
└── Walter Gordon Knight, b. 14 Aug 1900 Cobar, NSW, d. 22 Sep 1978 Cobar, NSW
+Frances May Parrington, m. 1 Jan 1927 Cobar, NSW, d. 10 Apr 1978 Cobar, NSW
├── Joseph Knight, b. 7 Dec 1855 Littlehampton, SA, d. 24 Nov 1930 Toongabbie, NSW
+Sarah Ann Wood Andrew, b. 11 Sep 1855 Adelaide, SA, m. 27 Oct 1881 Cobar, NSW, d. 2 Aug 1935 Sydney, NSW
├── Sussanah Lavinia Elwin Knight, b. 25 Apr 1882 Cobar, NSW, d. 29 Mar 1883 Cobar, NSW
├── Joseph Peter Knight, b. 9 Oct 1883 Cobar, NSW, d. 12 May 1967 Sydney, NSW
+Mary Lees, m. 10 Jan 1917 Sydney, NSW
├── Edward Henry (Ted) Knight, b. 25 May 1885 Cobar, NSW, d. 21 Apr 1968 Macksville, NSW
+Margaret Davidson, b. 6 Dec 1886 Burramine, VIC, m. 10 Apr 1907 Nyngan, NSW, d. 24 Aug 1984
└── Joseph Eric Knight, b. 23 Aug 1907 Nyngan, NSW, d. 30 Aug 1907 Nyngan, NSW
├── Grace Myrtle (Myrtle) Knight, b. 7 Jun 1887 Cobar, NSW, d. 26 May 1969 Sydney, NSW
├── Sarah Rubina May Knight, b. 4 Jul 1889 Cobar, NSW, d. 15 Mar 1977 Sydney, NSW
+Gilbert Nelson (George) Sutton, m. 27 Sep 1919 Parramatta, NSW
├── Thomas Richard Knight, b. 25 Jul 1892 Nyngan, NSW, d. 7 Dec 1957 Sydney, NSW
├── George Andrew Knight, b. 22 May 1894 Nyngan, NSW, d. 19 Jun 1972 Sydney, NSW│
+Elsie Mary Woodcock, m. 1917 Sydney, NSW
└── Elizabeth Jane Ivy Knight, b. 23 Aug 1897 Nyngan, NSW, d. 6 Aug 1983 Sydney, NSW
+Thomas Andrew Jenkin, b. 1894, m. 17 Apr 1922 Parramatta, NSW, d. 1967
├── George Skinner Knight, b. 6 May 1857 Mount Barker, SA, d. 20 Jan 1947 Cobar, NSW
+Theresa Mary Bell, b. 24 Oct 1865 Bathurst, NSW, m. 24 Dec 1883 Cobar, NSW, d. 10 Nov 1899 Cobar, NSW
├── Edward (Ted) Knight, b. 6 Oct 1884 Cobar, NSW, d. 20 Sep 1946 Sydney, NSW
+Lucy Cecilia Day, m. Jul 1907 Cobar, NSW, d. 18 Mar 1971 Sydney, NSW
├── Lucy G Knight, b. 1908 Cobar, NSW, d. 26 Jan 1917 Cobar, NSW
├── Edward C Knight, b. 1909 Cobar, NSW, d. 26 Jan 1917 Cobar, NSW
├── Thelma Cecilia Knight, b. 1911 Cobar, NSW, d. 1962 Sydney, NSW
+John Patrick Sexton, m. 1938 Nyngan, NSW
├── Michael John Sexton, b. after 1938, d. 1950 Armidale, NSW
├── Christopher Sexton, b. after 1938, d. 1953 Newcastle, NSW
├── Josephine Mary Sexton, b. after 1938
+William John Bailey, m. 1961 Sydney, NSW
└── Celia Louise Sexton, b. after 1938
└── William Knight, b. after 1916
+Brenda May Alberd, b. 16 Oct 1905 Geelong, VIC, m. 1939 Sydney, NSW, d. 31 May 1948 Sydney, NSW
├── Florence Charlotte Knight, b. 1 Dec 1886 Cobar, NSW, d. 22 May 1967 Sydney, NSW
+George Ernest Dorman, b. 25 Jun 1883 Molong, NSW, m. 11 Sep 1904 Cobar, NSW, d. 20 Feb 1929 Sydney, NSW
├── Georgina (Ena) Dorman, b. 28 Dec 1907 Cobar, NSW, d. 22 Feb 1988 Sydney, NSW
+Cameron Percy, b. 1905 Lismore, NSW, m. 16 Oct 1929 Brewarrina, NSW, d. 13 Jun 1976 Sydney, NSW
├── Kathleen Percy
├── Timothy Phelan
└── Sarah Phelan
├── Helen Percy
├── Douglas Deall
└── Carolyn Deall
└── Cameron John Percy, b. circa 1930, d. 25 Sep 2005 Brisbane, QLD
+Norma Ann McGann
├── Mark Percy
├── Robyn Percy
└── Christine Percy
├── John Dorman, b. 19 Mar 1911 Cobar, NSW, d. 19 Feb 1955 Sydney, NSW
+Grace Elsie Mitchell, b. 1913 Cobar, NSW, m. 1940 Sydney, NSW, d. 22 Feb 1984 Umina, NSW
├── Kathleen Dorman, b. 29 Jan 1913 Sydney, NSW, d. 4 Jun 1982 Sydney, NSW
+Christopher John King, b. 11 May 1910 Albion Park, NSW, m. 1936 Sydney, NSW, d. 30 Oct 1978 Sydney, NSW
├── Ann Florence King
+Keith Frederick Wilde
└── Robert King
├── Theresa Jean (Jean) Dorman, b. 29 Jan 1913 Sydney, NSW, d. 2 Oct 1992 Sydney, NSW
+Timothy John Schofield, b. 28 Nov 1905 Paddington, NSW, m. 8 Nov 1933 Brewarrina, NSW, d. 7 Oct 1977 Sydney, NSW
├── Leo George Schofield,
+Anne Maree O'Neill
├── Nell Charlotte Schofield
├── Emma Jane Schofield
└── Tess Florence Schofield
├── Alan John Schofield
├── Wayne Stephen Schofield
├── Joanne Elizabeth Schofield
└── Steven John Schofield
├── Kaye Elizabeth Schofield
└── Colin Robert Schofield
├── Rachel Eleanor Keith
└── Miriam Stephanie Keith
└── George Allan Dorman, b. circa Feb 1928 Eugowra, NSW
├── Theresa Victoria (Viccie) Knight, b. 20 Jan 1888 Cobar, NSW, d. 19 Oct 1967 Cobar, NSW
+William Robert Ardron, b. 1885 Wallsend, NSW, m. 5 Aug 1908 Cobar, NSW, d. 23 Nov 1944 Cobar, NSW
├── Edna Lillian Ardron, b. 1910 Cobar, NSW
+Edgar Leonard Spink, m. Feb 1932 Cobar, NSW
├── Joan Spink
└── Joan Spink
+Cyril William Morris, m. 1942 Sydney, NSW
├── Ethel Marjorie Ardron, b. 1912 Cobar, NSW│
+Cyril M McLean, m. 3 Sep 1931 Cobar, NSW, d. Mar 1935 Sydney, NSW
+John Hughes, m. 1940 Sydney, NSW
└── Jessie Marie Ardron, b. 1916 Cobar, NSW
+John Korshaw Bull, m. 1939 Cobar, NSW
├── Elizabeth Lenora (Lill) Knight, b. 26 Jul 1889 Cobar, NSW, d. 14 Sep 1977 Sydney, NSW
+Arthur George Tolhurst, b. 1895 Cobar, NSW, m. 22 Sep 1914 Cobar, NSW, d. 1950 Sydney, NSW
└── Ronald Alexander Tolhurst, b. 1915 Warren, NSW, d. 6 May 1968 Sydney, NSW
├── Ethel Knight, b. 3 Aug 1890 Cobar, NSW, d. 25 Aug 1970 Sydney, NSW
+John Henry (Jack) Vigor, b. 26 Feb 1885 Hastings, Sussex, m. 29 Jan 1920 Cobar, NSW, d. 24 Sep 1966 Sydney, NSW
├── John Albert Knight Vigor, b. 25 Feb 1924 Sydney, NSW
+Margaret Pauline Oliver, m. 1949 Wollongong, NSW
├── Patricia Vigor
└── Sally Vigor
├── Patricia Jean Vigor, b. circa 1927, d. 17 Aug 1927 Sydney, NSW
└── Beatrice Marie Vigor, b. 4 Jul 1927 Sydney, NSW, d. 23 Aug 1927 Sydney, NSW
├── Thomas Knight, b. 30 Oct 1891 Cobar, NSW, d. 1892 Molong, NSW
├── Joseph Knight, b. 23 Feb 1893 Cobar, NSW, d. 20 Mar 1893 Cobar, NSW
├── George Alfred Knight, b. 7 Jun 1894 Cobar, NSW, d. 18 Jun 1895 Cobar, NSW
├── Laura Marie (Molly) Knight, b. 6 Mar 1896 Cobar, NSW, d. 6 Dec 1982 Sydney, NSW
+Archibald Campbell (Archie) Mitchell, b. 11 Aug 1891 Cobar, NSW, m. 24 Jul 1918 Cobar, NSW, d. 21 Mar 1976 Sydney, NSW
└── Roy William Mitchell, b. 17 Jun 1919 Cobar, NSW, d. 18 Sep 2005 Sydney, NSW
+Kathleen Mary Devereux, b. 7 Dec 1913 Cobar, NSW, d. 1 Dec 1997 Dapto, NSW
├── Michael Mitchell
├── Brian Mitchell
├── David Charles Mitchell, b. 25 Dec 1948 Wollongong, NSW, d. 6 Aug 2005 Sydney, NSW
├── Anne-Maree Mitchel,
└── Julie Margaret Mitchell
+Winifred Ethel Tunn Hooker, m. Mar 1970, d. 24 Aug 1991 Bulli, NSW
+Nancye Cahill Coulson, b. 25 Apr 1923 Sydney, NSW, m. 6 Feb 1993 Sydney, NSW, d. 28 Nov 2011
+Robert Galbreath McKellar, m. 29 Aug 1938 Sydney, NSW
├── Georgina (Ena) Knight, b. 17 Jan 1898 Cobar, NSW, d. 16 Aug 1900 Cobar, NSW
└── Robert Henry Knight, b. 4 Nov 1899 Cobar, NSW, d. 23 Mar 1900 Cobar, NSW
+Agnes Mary Connolly, b. 1883 Kaniva, VIC, m. 9 Sep 1902 Cobar, NSW, d. 14 Jun 1966 Cobar, NSW
├── Eileen Agnes Knight, b. 1903 Cobar, NSW
+Stanley Fairfax Davis, b. circa 1890 Sydney, NSW, m. Jan 1922 Cobar, NSW, d. 26 Apr 1948 Melbourne, VIC
└── Sonny Davis, b. 1924
├── Gladys Veronica Knight, b. 1905 Cobar, NSW, d. 2 Mar 1905│
├── Elsie Mary Knight, b. 7 Sep 1908 Cobar, NSW, d. 5 Nov 1995
+Thomas Hilton Evans, b. 1906 Cobar, NSW, m. Sep 1930 Cobar, NSW, d. 28 Jul 1979 Cobar, NSW
├── Kenneth Evans (see above)
├── Norma Evans (see above)
└── Ann Evans (see above)
├── Marjorie B Knight, b. 1909 Cobar, NSW, d. 1909 Cobar, NSW
├── George Knight, b. 21 Jun 1911 Cobar, NSW, d. 6 Oct 1982 Cobar, NSW
+Valerie Gutteridge, m. 3 Dec 1931 Cobar, NSW
└── May Grace Knight, b. 3 May 1913 Cobar, NSW, d. 6 Feb 1998 Armidale, NSW
+William T. H. (Hugh) Ash, m. 1935 Sydney, NSW, d. 1957
├── Peter Ash
└── Jean Margaret Ash
├── John Robert Knight, b. 19 May 1859 Langhorne Creek, SA, d. 2 Aug 1939 Sydney, NSW
+Christina Mary Green, b. 26 Dec 1863 Araluen, NSW, m. 16 Oct 1884 Dubbo, NSW, d. 23 Jul 1933 Sydney, NSW
├── Mary Jane Knight, b. 23 Oct 1885 Nyngan, NSW, d. 1966 Wallsend, NSW
+James Turner, m. 1910 Cobar, NSW
├── James Charles Knight, b. 1887 Cobar, NSW, d. 6 Apr 1891 Cobar, NSW
├── Edith May Knight, b. 1890 Cobar, NSW, d. 17 Aug 1906 Cobar, NSW
├── Robert Joseph Knight, b. 1892 Cobar, NSW, d. 9 Jun 1946 Sydney, NSW
+Rebecca Jane Ryan, m. 1922 Lithgow, NSW
├── Cecilia Evangeline Knight, b. 1894 Cobar, NSW, d. 30 Aug 1964 Sydney, NSW
+Patrick Edward (Paddy) McGrath, b. 27 Feb 1875 Wagga Wagga, NSW, m. 26 Dec 1916 Cobar, NSW, d. 8 Sep 1922 Sydney, NSW
+Francis James Hickson, m. 30 Dec 1950 Sydney, NSW
├── John Thomas Knight, b. 1897 Cobar, NSW, d. 16 Jan 1922 Brewarrina, NSW
├── Eileen Elsie Knight, b. 1900 Cobar, NSW, d. 21 Jun 1968 Sydney, NSW
+Reginald Straney, m. 11 May 1920 Cobar, NSW
├── Christine Isabella Knight, b. 14 Dec 1901 Cobar, NSW, d. 12 Jan 1948 Sydney, NSW
+Herman Alfred Matthews, b. 1901 VIC, m. 15 Aug 1921 Lithgow, NSW
├── Evelyn Ursula Knight, b. 1905 Cobar, NSW, d. 5 Oct 1975 Sydney, NSW
+Clement James Mearns, m. 1928 Sydney, NSW, d. 1975 Sydney, NSW
└── Charles George Knight, b. 1909 Cobar, NSW, d. 3 Nov 1976 Sydney, NSW
+Myrtle Margaret Cavanagh, m. 1935 Sydney, NSW
├── Mary Ann Knight, b. 23 Nov 1861 Angas Plains, SA, d. 9 Dec 1863 Langhorne Creek, SA
├── Charles Teague Knight, b. 10 Mar 1864 Langhorne Creek, SA, d. 13 May 1939 Adelaide, SA
+Jane Elizabeth Shaw, b. 1870 Bathurst, NSW, m. 17 Dec 1888 Cobar, NSW, d. 3 Jul 1930 Sydney, NSW
├── Charles Edward Knight, b. 24 Sep 1890 Cobar, NSW, d. 12 Oct 1904 Cobar, NSW
├── Sydney Horace Knight, b. 8 Dec 1891 Cobar, NSW, d. 15 Aug 1918
+Agnes M. Murray, m. 1916 Sydney, NSW
└── Strachan Alfred Hunt Knight, b. 20 Oct 1894 Sydney, NSW, d. 28 May 1929 Sydney, NSW
+Susannah Elwyn Andrew, b. 1889 Cobar, NSW, m. 1914 Sydney, NSW, d. 22 Oct 1932 Adelaide, SA
├── Edna Lemay Knight, b. 6 May 1913, d. 6 Feb 1983 Adelaide, SA
└── Thomas Knight, b. 30 Mar 1921 Adelaide, SA, d. after 1990
├── Mary Jane Knight, b. 1 Sep 1865 Langhorne Creek, SA, d. 9 Apr 1901 WA
+Charles Frederick Hillman, m. 28 Jun 1888 Littlehampton, SA, d. 10 Jun 1920 Te Puke
├── Charles Victor Hillman, b. 14 Oct 1889 Wandong, VIC, d. 3 Jun 1891 Littlehampton, SA
├── Eva Mary Hillman, b. 9 Apr 1891 Littlehampton, SA, d. Jun 1892 WA
├── Ruth Victoria Hillman, b. 26 Nov 1892 York, WA, d. 5 Mar 1985 Perth, WA
+Alfred Isaac Collins, m. 1956 Perth, WA, d. 9 Jul 1972 Perth, WA
└── Helen Estelle Hillman, b. 27 Jul 1895 York, WA, d. 12 Dec 1909
└── Thomas Skinner Knight Jnr, b. 1 Jul 1868 Mount Barker, SA, d. 22 Mar 1891 Cobar, NSW
├── AMELIA ANN TEAGUE, b. 26 Nov 1834 Truro, Cornwall, d. 27 Sep 1919 Yankalilla, SA
+Nicholas Hawke, b. circa 1829 St Teath, Cornwall, m. 9 Mar 1854 Blakiston, SA, d. 26 Sep 1882 Yankalilla, SA
├── Ellen Ann Hawke, b. 8 May 1855 Adelaide, SA, d. 26 Jul 1938 Adelaide, SA
+Daniel Stone, b. circa 1856, m. 5 Sep 1877 Yankalilla, SA, d. 28 Jan 1913 Yankalilla, SAPage 63
├── William Daniel Stone, b. 1 Jun 1878 Yankalilla, SA, d. 14 Dec 1886 Yankalilla, SA
└── Ernest Beaumont Stone, b. 8 Jun 1880 Yankalilla, SA, d. 21 Apr 1964 Victor Harbour, SA
+Susan May Millard, b. circa 1886, m. 5 Sep 1906 Inman Valley, SA
├── Louisa Hawke, b. 16 May 1857 Yankalilla, SA, d. 1942 Melbourne, VIC
+Samuel Robert Bennett, b. circa 1844, m. 20 Jan 1891 Melbourne, VIC, d. 18 Jun 1892 Broadford, VIC
├── Henry Hawke, b. 13 Jul 1859 Yankalilla, SA, d. 11 Jul 1925 Coobowie, SA
+Mary Ann Rogers, m. 1 Oct 1884 Adelaide, SA, d. 1 Jan 1943 Yorketown, SA
├── Selina Hawke, b. 16 Aug 1861 Bald Hills, SA, d. 4 May 1927 Yankalilla, SA
├── Mary Jane Hawke, b. 1 Feb 1863 Bald Hills, SA, d. 10 Nov 1866 Yankalilla, SA
├── Charles Edward Hawke, b. 29 Jun 1865 Yankalilla, SA, d. 26 Dec 1943 Adelaide, SA
├── Mary Jane Teague Hawke, b. 15 Oct 1867 Yankalilla, SA, d. 18 Jul 1947 Wagga Wagga, NSW
+Robert Clark, m. 7 May 1890 Yankalilla, SA
├── William Alfred Hawke, b. 8 Jun 1870 Yankalilla, SA, d. 6 Apr 1939 Adelaide, SA
+Emma Jane Snell, b. circa 1884, m. 23 Oct 1926 Adelaide, SA, d. 22 May 1960 Adelaide, SA
├── John Nicholas Hawke, b. 16 Jan 1873 Yankalilla, SA, d. 11 Aug 1946 Victor Harbour, SA
+Alice Hamp Gamlen, m. 10 May 1931 Victor Harbour, SA, d. 10 Aug 1967 Adelaide, SA
├── James Walter Hawke, b. 16 Aug 1875 Yankalilla, SA, d. 1952 Fremantle, WA
+Sarah L. Mitchell, m. 1906 Fremantle, WA
└── Daisy Amelia Hawke, b. 15 Oct 1877 Yankalilla, SA, d. 8 Feb 1954 Geelong, VIC
+Edward John Osborne, b. 1879 Wollongong, NSW, m. 9 Sep 1905 Kalgoorlie, WA, d. 1950 Geelong, VIC
├── LUCRETIA TEAGUE, b. 25 Oct 1835 Truro, Cornwall, d. 21 Feb 1864 Littlehampton, SA
+William Henry Weller, b. circa 1831, m. 5 Apr 1855 Mount Barker, SA
├── LOUISA TEAGUE, b. 22 Feb 1840 Redruth, Cornwall, d. 29 May 1931 Adelaide, SA
+Nicholas Coad Jnr, b. 23 Sep 1825 St Keverne, Cornwall, m. 23 Mar 1861 Adelaide, SA, d. 22 Sep 1862 Yankalilla, SA
└── Elizabeth Ann (Lillie) Coad, b. 1 Oct 1861 Yankalilla, SA, d. 10 Jul 1948 Adelaide, SA
+Joseph Collins, b. circa 1861, m. 8 Apr 1883 Adelaide, SA
+John Davies, b. 1847, m. 12 Mar 1868 Adelaide, SA, d. 23 Jul 1927 Adelaide, SA
├── John Charles Davies, b. 13 Sep 1868 Littlehampton, SA, d. 1965 Sydney, NSW
+Caroline Rippin, b. Apr 1868 Barton Under Needwood, Staffordshire, m. 3 Jan 1888 Aberdeen, SA, d. 1924 Sydney, NSW
├── Lillian May Davies, b. 21 Jun 1888 Gawler, SA
├── Harrold Roy Carlton Davies, b. 14 Jan 1892 Gawler, SA
└── Hazel Evelyn Davies, b. 21 Nov 1900 Petersburg, SA
├── Emily Louisa Davies, b. 10 Jan 1871 Stirling East, SA, d. 22 Sep 1960 SA
+Edward Summerton, b. circa 1862, m. 3 Apr 1890 Gawler, SA, d. 28 Aug 1939 Adelaide, SA
├── Edith Ellen Davies, b. 5 Jan 1873 Smithfield, SA, d. 9 Oct 1874 Gawler, SA
├── Alice Davies, b. 1 Aug 1874 Gawler, SA, d. 6 Nov 1960 Adelaide, SA
+Arthur Ernest Withers, b. circa 1872, m. 13 May 1896 Gawler, SA, d. 24 Feb 1932 Gawler, SA
+Albert Edward Ellis (Bert) Gilbert, m. 8 Mar 1934 Norton Summit, SA, d. 27 Jul 1939 Adelaide, SA
├── Albert Edward Davies, b. 30 Jun 1876 Gawler, SA, d. 17 Feb 1916 Port Pirie, SA
+Margaret Elizabeth Frisby, b. circa 1879, m. 5 Apr 1904 Adelaide, SA
├── Charles William Davies, b. 9 Aug 1878 Gawler, SA, d. 9 Oct 1960 Adelaide, SA
+Annie (--?--), d. 16 Oct 1963 Adelaide, SA
└── Arthur Straylis Davies, b. 9 Oct 1881 Gawler, SA, d. 17 Apr 1964 Perth, WA
+Alice Ruby Williams, b. 6 Aug 1887 Kapunda, SA, m. 1911 Broken Hill, NSW, d. 1938 Perth, WA
├── CHARLES TEAGUE, b. 24 Sep 1842 Penzance, Cornwall, d. 20 May 1912 Orroroo, SA
+Sarah Rebecca Wright, b. 28 Jun 1846 Adelaide, SA, m. 5 May 1870 Blakiston, SA, d. 23 Apr 1939 Orroroo, SA
├── Edward James Teague, b. 31 Mar 1871 Stirling, SA, d. 27 Apr 1959 Orroroo, SA
+Edith Alice Stone, b. circa 1877, m. 6 Aug 1923 Adelaide, SA, d. 1971 Cambrian Hill, VIC
├── Susannah Matilda Teague, b. 16 Mar 1872 Port Gawler, SA, d. 10 Jul 1963 Perth, WA
+Albert Thomas Jones, b. 11 Dec 1882 Swan, WA, m. 1910 Bunbury, WA, d. 2 Apr 1944
├── Ellen Selina Teague, b. 21 Feb 1874 Caltowie, SA, d. 21 Aug 1965 Adelaide, SA
+Thomas Hutchens, b. 28 Oct 1877 Coomooroo, SA, m. 18 Mar 1903 Orroroo, SA, d. 19 Mar 1918 Morgan, SA
├── Cyril Douglas Hutchens CBE, b. 19 Feb 1904 Woodside, SA, d. 27 Mar 1982 Adelaide, SA
+Edith Myrtle Lewis, b. 13 Jul 1906 Adelaide, SA, m. 5 Nov 1927 Adelaide, SA
├── Sedrick Charles (Curly) Hutchens, b. 16 May 1905 Orroroo, SA, d. 5 Oct 1982
+Evelyn Eva Olive Crack, b. 20 Feb 1911, m. 29 Mar 1930 Orroroo, SA
├── Gladys May Hutchens, b. 24 Dec 1906, d. 2 Oct 1989
+William John Newport, b. 27 Aug 1895 Adelaide, SA, m. 27 Dec 1946 Adelaide, SA
├── Thelma Ida Jessie Hutchens, b. 22 Apr 1909 Woodside, SA, d. 30 Mar 2003 Adelaide, SA
+John Alan Nadebaum, b. 1898, m. 1938, d. 1954
├── Harold Keith Hutchens, b. 27 Feb 1912 Black Rock, SA, d. 3 Mar 1971 SA
+Audrey Malvena Mathews, b. 1908, m. 23 Dec 1939, d. 1 Nov 1971
└── Robyn Hutchens
├── Dorothy Nelly Hutchens, b. 3 Jan 1915 Black Rock, SA
+John Emmett Cunningham, b. 24 Dec 1912, m. 22 Apr 1944 Adelaide, SA, d. 15 Jul 1962
└── Allen Thomas Hutchens, b. 15 Feb 1917 Black Rock, SA, d. 25 Jun 1988
+Mary Florence Hebberman, m. 17 Mar 1943
├── David Charles Teague, b. 5 May 1875 Caltowie, SA, d. 19 Mar 1964 Orroroo, SA
+Margaret Nash, b. 25 Mar 1876 Wildota, SA, m. 12 Jul 1905 Adelaide, SA, d. 16 Jul 1954 Orroroo, SA
├── Edward Charles Teague, b. 3 Jun 1906 Orroroo, SA, d. 10 Aug 1987 Orroroo, SA
└── David William Teague, b. 2 Aug 1910 Orroroo, SA, d. 9 Feb 1970 Victor Harbour, SA
├── Elizabeth Amelia Teague, b. 16 Jul 1876 Caltowie, SA, d. 9 Nov 1923 Torrensville, SA
+Martin Otto Dittmar, m. 25 Apr 1906 Port Adelaide, SA
└── Hubert Otto Dittmar, b. 1 Dec 1908 Adelaide, SA, d. 9 Jan 1979
+Gwendoline Edna Jean Hayes, m. 11 Dec 1935
├── Louisa Jane Teague, b. 16 Feb 1878 Walloway, SA, d. 22 Jun 1965 Fremantle, WA
+John James Smith, b. 27 May 1876 Newcastle, NSW, m. 29 Apr 1902 Highgate, WA, d. 6 Jul 1949 Safety Bay, WA
├── Thelma May Smith, b. 18 Jun 1903 Collie, WA
+Charles Talboys, m. before 1940
├── Norman John Smith, b. 12 Jan 1910 Carnarvon, WA
+Edith Mary Dawson, m. 16 Nov 1940 Carnarvon, WA
├── Grace Dorothy Smith, b. 25 Jul 1912 Narrogin, WA
+Beau Beaman, m. before 1949
└── Rita Gladys Smith, b. 25 Jun 1916 Narrogin, WA
+Reg Nailard, m. before 1940
├── Eliza Ann Teague, b. 3 Mar 1879 Walloway, SA, d. 10 Nov 1898 Orroroo, SA
├── Grace Teague, b. 12 May 1880 Walloway, SA, d. 19 Dec 1959 Fremantle, WA
+Arthur (Dick) Rymer, b. circa 1873 VIC, m. 1912 Geraldton, WA, d. 22 Sep 1939 Kalgoorlie, WA
├── Beryl May Rymer, b. 1913 Black Range (Nunngarra), WA, d. circa 1970 Perth, WA
+Alan Murray Hughes, m. Aug 1934 Murrin, WA
├── Nellie Ada Rymer, b. 21 Sep 1914 Black Range (Nunngarra), WA, d. circa 1986 Perth, WA
+Douglas Cable, m. 1938 Mount Margaret, WA
└── Eric Lesley Rymer, b. 9 Aug 1916 Perth, WA, d. 1975 Perth, WA
├── William Henry Teague, b. 3 Aug 1881 Orroroo, SA, d. 2 Apr 1882 Walloway, SA
├── Henrietta (Hettie) Teague, b. 22 Jan 1883 Walloway, SA, d. 30 Sep 1978 Adelaide, SA
├── Victoria May Teague, b. 24 May 1884 Walloway, SA, d. 9 Aug 1965 Adelaide, SA
+Leslie James Yates, b. 29 Dec 1884 Angaston, SA, m. 1 Nov 1922 Adelaide, SA, d. 1970 Melbourne, VIC
├── Joan May Yates, b. 16 Sep 1923 Adelaide, SA
+Jack Jarvis Crane
└── Ronald Charles Yates
├── Richard Teague, b. 15 Dec 1885 Walloway, SA, d. 4 May 1886 Walloway, SA
└── Frederick William Teague, b. 6 Jun 1888 Orroroo, SA, d. 7 Oct 1972 Orroroo, SA
+Hellen Millar Vick, b. 26 Jun 1887 Inkerman, SA, m. 27 Apr 1916 Peterborough, SA, d. 12 Aug 1937 Adelaide, SA
├── Laurel Joan Teague, b. 14 Jul 1917 Orroroo, SA, d. 24 Dec 1987 Perth, WA
+Clive Victor Sainsbury, b. 18 Nov 1899 Perth, WA, m. 1949 Perth, WA, d. 24 Oct 1984 Perth, WA
└── Beryl Jean Teague, b. 25 Sep 1919 Orroroo, SA
+(--?--) Goode, m. after 1943
+Anna Emilie Koch, b. 5 Jun 1906 Willowie, SA, m. from 1937 to 1943, d. 14 Jun 1990 Booleroo Centre, SA
├── Selina Teague, b. 20 Aug 1845 St Teath, Cornwall, d. 5 May 1910 Piccadilly, SAPage 65
+John Steven Nicholas, b. circa 1845, m. 18 Sep 1869 Adelaide, SA, d. 3 Jan 1914 Adelaide, SA
├── Walter Charles Nicholas, b. 2 Sep 1870 Adelaide, SA, d. 10 Oct 1952 Adelaide, SA
+Mary Jane Curtis, b. circa 1871, m. 22 Dec 1892 Piccadilly, SA, d. 13 Mar 1960 Adelaide, SA
└── Clarence Roy Nicholas, b. 24 Jan 1894 Piccadilly, SA, d. 8 Aug 1917
├── James Henry (Henry) Nicholas, b. 4 Dec 1872 Adelaide, SA, d. 16 Sep 1954 Orroroo, SA
+Mabel Olive Teague, b. 21 Jul 1887 Oladdie, SA, m. 2 Jan 1911 Orroroo, SA, d. 12 Dec 1964 Orroroo, SA
└── Bart Henry Nicholas, b. 24 May 1915 Orroroo, SA, d. 16 Jan 1986 Orroroo, SA
+Audrey Loreen Nutt, m. Feb 1940 Orroroo, SA
├── John Stephen Nicholas, b. 9 Sep 1875 Adelaide, SA, d. 2 Mar 1877 Mount Lofty, SA
├── Olive Matilda Nicholas, b. 10 Sep 1877 Adelaide, SA, d. 22 Aug 1948 Piccadilly, SA
+Albert Baxter Bowden, b. 2 Jul 1875 Maitland, SA, m. 12 May 1904 Stirling East, SA, d. 10 Dec 1953 Mount Pleasant, SA
├── Daisy May Nicholas, b. 22 Mar 1880 Adelaide, SA, d. 17 Nov 1945 Stirling West, SA
├── Alice Maud (Maud) Nicholas, b. 10 Jul 1883 Piccadilly, SA
├── Mabel Nicholas, b. 10 Jul 1883 Piccadilly, SA
├── May Nicholas, b. circa 1884, d. 23 Jun 1890 Piccadilly, SA
├── Albert Edward (Bert) Nicholas, b. 5 Nov 1884 Piccadilly, SA, d. 12 Apr 1909 Piccadilly, SA
└── Harrold Ernest Nicholas, b. 31 Aug 1888 Piccadilly, SA, d. 26 Dec 1945 Adelaide, SA
+Blanche Emmeline Nobbs, b. circa 1904, m. 29 Dec 1926 Adelaide, SA
├── MATLIDA TEAGUE, b. 15 Nov 1847 St Teath, Cornwall, d. 3 Jan 1936 Adelaide, SA
+Charles Frederick Hansen, b. circa 1850, m. 25 Jun 1880 Adelaide, SA, d. 7 Sep 1921 Stirling West, SA
├── Charles Edward Hansen, b. 20 Jul 1881 Adelaide, SA, d. 10 Dec 1951 Adelaide, SA
├── Eve Augusta Hansen, b. 27 Dec 1883 Stirling West, SA, d. 5 Oct 1947 Adelaide, SA
+Edmund Ferdinand Mueller, b. 14 May 1881 Adelaide, SA, m. 29 Apr 1908 Adelaide, SA, d. 20 Feb 1943 Adelaide, SA
+Michael Charles Mitselberg, b. circa 1889 Wilcannia, NSW, m. 1928 VIC, d. 21 Dec 1971 Adelaide, SA
├── Lillian Jane Hansen, b. 20 Dec 1886 Stirling West, SA, d. 27 Jun 1946 Adelaide, SA
+Arthur John Patten, b. 7 Aug 1883 Adelaide, SA, m. 16 Sep 1908 Grange, SA, d. 1 May 1947 Adelaide, SA
├── Gwendoline Patten, b. 17 Jul 1909 Jamestown, SA, d. 27 Nov 1965 VIC
+John Hutchinson Ferguson, m. 28 Nov 1946 Melbourne, VIC
├── Jean Patten, b. 20 Jan 1911 Swan Reach, SA, d. 21 Sep 1926 Broken Hill, NSW
├── Lucy Patricia (Pat) Patten, b. 4 Feb 1913 Swan Reach, SA
+Geoffrey Ronald (Geoff) Miethke, b. 7 Jun 1916 Adelaide, SA, m. 3 Jul 1944 Adelaide, SA, d. 11 Dec 1991
└── Patricia Margaret Miethke
└── Edward Leslie Patten, b. 31 Jan 1915 Adelaide, SA
└── Lucretia May (Lucy) Hansen, b. 18 Dec 1890 Stirling West, SA, d. 16 Mar 1944 Adelaide, SA
├── JAMES HENRY TEAGUE, b. 22 Jul 1850 Blakiston, SA, d. 19 Feb 1901 Orroroo, SA
+Eliza Miels, b. 10 Jun 1854 Adelaide, SA, m. 22 Dec 1872 Blakiston, SA, d. 4 Jul 1946 Orroroo, SA
├── John Cornelius (Jack) Teague, b. 9 Mar 1874 Littlehampton, SA, d. 23 Oct 1956 Orroroo, SA
+Annie Ellery, b. 14 Aug 1880 Coomooroo, SA, m. 25 Sep 1912 Orroroo, SA, d. 2 Sep 1955 Orroroo, SA
├── Alice Isabel Teague, b. 5 Jul 1913 Orroroo, SA, d. 8 Nov 1995 Adelaide, SA
+Alfred Henry George (Alf) Moxon, b. 14 May 1911 Port Pirie, SA, m. circa 15 Jan 1944, d. 6 Jan 2004 Adelaide, SA
├── Russell St Aubyn (Rusty) Teague, b. 4 Mar 1916 Orroroo, SA, d. 26 Mar 1989
+Frances Shirley Price Cottrell, b. 8 May 1923 Orroroo, SA, m. 29 Sep 1948 Orroroo, SA, d. 19 Mar 2013 Booleroo Centre, SA
├── Shirley Teague│
├── Jeannette Dawn Teague
└── Gillian Teague
├── Rose Gwenyth Teague, b. 2 Jul 1917 Orroroo, SA, d. 12 Feb 1991 Adelaide, SA
+Harrold Edward Hampton, b. 4 May 1914 Adelaide, SA, m. 26 Dec 1939 Orroroo, SA
└── Elsie Lorraine Teague
+James Kevin Howell
├── Thomas Henry David (Harry) Teague, b. 28 May 1876 Caltowie, SA, d. 7 Jun 1957 Goondiwindi, QLD
├── Walter Edward Teague, b. 9 Jul 1877 Caltowie, SA, d. 13 Aug 1959 Quorn, SA
├── Lillian Alice Teague, b. 7 Jan 1879 Caltowie, SA, d. 27 Apr 1971 Orroroo, SA
+Frederick Loftes, b. 17 Aug 1877 One Tree Hill, SA, m. 5 Sep 1905 Orroroo, SA, d. 12 May 1916 Morchard, SA
├── Clement Henry Loftes, b. 10 Oct 1905 Morchard, SA, d. 30 Aug 1907 Coomooroo, SA
├── Seth Gladstone Loftes, b. 5 May 1907 Morchard, SA, d. 17 Aug 1972 Sydney, NSW
+Ethel Alicea M Dignam, m. 1931 Sydney, NSW
├── Ethel Mildred Loftes, b. 11 Sep 1911 Morchard, SA
+John Thomas Carter, m. 29 Jan 1930 Orroroo, SA
└── Olive Kathleen Loftes, b. 10 Aug 1915 SA, d. 2003
+Lester Albert Reed, m. 28 Nov 1934
├── Edith May Teague, b. 9 Jun 1880 Boolcunda, SA, d. 3 Nov 1962 Adelaide, SA
+William Joseph Goodwin, b. circa 1884, m. 18 Jun 1913 Orroroo, SA, d. 29 Dec 1966 Adelaide, SA
├── Arthur William John Goodwin, b. 15 May 1914 Jamestown, SA
├── Maud Isabel Goodwin, b. 9 Aug 1916 Jamestown, SA
├── Ralph Earl Goodwin, b. 30 Dec 1918 Jamestown, SA
└── Lorna May Goodwin, b. 22 May 1924 Adelaide, SA
├── Florence Matilda Teague, b. 23 Oct 1881 Boolcunda, SA, d. 6 Dec 1970 Orroroo, SA
+Horace George Archibald Nutt, b. 31 Mar 1884 Yatina, SA, m. 23 May 1906 Orroroo, SA, d. 18 Jan 1956 Orroroo, SA
├── John Powell Nutt, b. 24 Mar 1907 Orroroo, SA, d. 23 May 1988 Orroroo, SA
├── Ruth Rachael Nutt, b. 8 Apr 1908 Orroroo, SA, d. 1976 SA
+Herbert George Hombsch, m. 1933 Orroroo, SA
├── Horace Glendowin Nutt, b. 14 Mar 1912 Walloway, SA, d. 19 Nov 1995 SA
├── Melton Gordon Nutt, b. 30 Aug 1916 Orroroo, SA, d. 23 Mar 1971 Orroroo, SA
+Vera Emily Chapman
└── Ronald Herbert Nutt, b. 8 Jun 1919 Orroroo, SA, d. 2003 Orroroo, SA
├── Herbert Charles Teague, b. 17 Jan 1884 Boolcunda, SA, d. 31 Jul 1963 Orroroo, SA
+Emily Louisa Davy, b. 18 Jun 1891 Morchard, SA, m. 29 Jun 1910 Morchard, SA, d. 9 Mar 1969 Orroroo, SA
├── Ivy Sylvia Teague, b. 30 Jun 1911 Booleroo Centre, SA, d. 5 Apr 1994
+Maxwell Kitchener Bunker, m. 3 Aug 1935
+Cunningham McDowall, m. 27 Nov 1943 Orroroo, SA
├── Cleve Lavington Teague, b. 1 Jul 1914 Orroroo, SA, d. 1 May 1968 Orroroo, SA
└── Coral Rita Teague, b. 4 Dec 1921 Orroroo, SA
├── Albert Sidney Teague, b. 30 Jul 1885 Johnburgh, SA, d. 13 Sep 1981 Orroroo, SA
+Annie May Arthur, b. 8 Aug 1892 Walloway, SA, m. 20 Jan 1915 Orroroo, SA, d. 20 Apr 1971 Orroroo, SA
├── Annie Eliza Teague, b. 14 Nov 1915 Orroroo, SA
+William G. Cozens, m. 19 Jan 1938 Orroroo, SA
├── Shirley Vida Cozens
└── Carmel Joan Cozens
├── Violet Victoria Teague, b. 23 Aug 1916, d. 26 Jan 1980
+Alfred Sellers, m. circa 1942
├── Olive Ona Teague, b. 13 Mar 1919 Orroroo, SA, d. circa Dec 2013
├── Sydney George Teague, b. 29 Sep 1920 Orroroo, SA, d. 15 Feb 1993 Peterborough, SA
+Laurel Maud Mitchell
├── Robert Teague
└── Wendy Teague
├── Donald James Teague, b. 13 Sep 1921 Orroroo, SA, d. 21 Sep 2011 Orroroo, SA
+Roma Ellen Schultze, b. 22 Sep 1932, m. 17 Oct 1951 Orroroo, SA, d. 12 Feb 2017 Orroroo, SA
├── Kevin Teague
├── Gregory Teague
└── Evon Joan Teague
├── Ruby Merle Teague, b. 16 Sep 1924 Wilmington, SA, d. 7 May 1964 Adelaide, SA
+Alfred Ernest Sampson, m. 14 Mar 1945 Orroroo, SA
└── Heather Kay Sampson
└── Arnold Arthur Teague, b. 19 Sep 1930 Orroroo, SA, d. 21 May 1997 Orroroo, SA
+Marjorie May Manson, b. circa 1930, m. 6 Jan 1951 Adelaide, SA, d. 30 Apr 2017 Mildura, VIC
├── Beverly Ann Teague
├── Marilyn Joy Teague
├── Jillian Teague
├── Karen Teague
└── Steven John Teague, b. 1963, d. Feb 2015 SA
├── Mabel Olive Teague, b. 21 Jul 1887 Oladdie, SA, d. 12 Dec 1964 Orroroo, SA
+James Henry (Henry) Nicholas, b. 4 Dec 1872 Adelaide, SA, m. 2 Jan 1911 Orroroo, SA, d. 16 Sep 1954 Orroroo, SA
└── Bart Henry Nicholas (see above)
├── Frances Marion (Fanny) Teague, b. 12 Feb 1889 Johnburgh, SA, d. 21 Dec 1912 Orroroo, SA
+Joseph Hurtle Nutt, b. 30 Mar 1887 Walloway, SA, m. 30 Apr 1912 Orroroo, SA, d. 11 Aug 1972 Orroroo, SA
├── Myrtle Louisa Teague, b. 5 Oct 1891 Oladdie, SA, d. 25 Feb 1977 Orroroo, SA
+John Joseph Lang, b. 11 Jul 1890 Black Rock, SA, m. 5 Aug 1914 Orroroo, SA, d. 22 Feb 1964 Orroroo, SA
├── Max Bramley Lang, b. 2 Jun 1915 Orroroo, SA, d. 28 Aug 1988
├── John Francis Lang, b. 15 Dec 1916 Orroroo, SA
├── Frederick Lang, b. 20 Jul 1919 Orroroo, SA, d. 20 Jul 1919 Orroroo, SA
├── Marjorie Dawn Lang, b. 26 Jan 1922 Orroroo, SA
└── William Dudley Lang, b. circa 1930 SA, d. 12 Jan 1992
├── Melton Victor Teague, b. 29 Sep 1893 Johnburgh, SA, d. 1 Apr 1973 Adelaide, SA
+Adelaide May McKenzie, b. 7 Aug 1893 Coomooroo, SA, m. 25 Oct 1921 Orroroo, SA, d. 6 Jan 1984 Adelaide, SA
├── Heather Teague, b. 7 Sep 1922 Adelaide, SA, d. 12 Nov 2012 Bendigo, VIC
+Arthur Ernest Higgins
└── (--?--) Higgins
└── Rollo Teague
+Texine Ann Cadd
└── David McKenzie Teague
├── Reuben Roy Teague, b. 8 Jun 1895 Johnburgh, SA, d. 18 Jun 1952 Black Rock, SA
+Eileen Elizabeth Kearney, b. 21 Aug 1904 Mintaro, SA, m. 16 Jan 1924 Mintaro, SA, d. 11 Sep 1991 Buderim, QLD
├── Lexton Roy Teague
+Joyce Audrey Cox
└── Lorraine (Ashley) Teague, b. circa 1935, d. 31 Jan 2010 QLD
+Alton Harward Kempster
├── Roxanne Kempster
└── Alycia Kempster
└── Gordon Lester Teague, b. 21 Nov 1897 Orroroo, SA, d. 16 Nov 1962 Adelaide, SA
+Gertrude May Copley, b. 23 Sep 1922 Black Rock, SA, m. 23 Sep 1922 Black Rock, SA, d. 29 Jul 1964 Adelaide, SA
├── Lester Gordon Teague, b. 11 Jul 1924 Orroroo, SA, d. 3 Aug 1924 Orroroo, SA
├── Melvin Enos Teague, b. 29 Aug 1925 Adelaide, SA, d. 16 Aug 2007 Kapunda, SA
+Maureen Edith Morris, b. 5 Apr 1928 Wirrabara, SA, m. 14 Sep 1946 Adelaide, SA, d. 3 Sep 2009 Canberra, ACT
├── Eric Teague
├── Neil Teague, d. before 3 Sep 2009
├── Roger Teague
├── Douglas Teague
├── Pamela Teague
└── Barbara Dianne Teague
├── Joan Gertrude Teague
+Lyall Brigden, m. 29 Nov 1947 Orroroo, SA
└── Rae Marie Teague, b. 15 Feb 1935 Adelaide, SA, d. Oct 1996
+Desmond Eric Fromm
├── Kym Fromm
└── Dianne Fromm
└── ELLEN TEAGUE, b. 18 Jan 1852 Adelaide, SA
References and Comments
'Author's Note and 'Cornwell'
1 See Chris Chardon (2011), Stirling: a personal view: a history of the first 150 years, Chris Chardon, 2nd Edition, Stirling.
2 James Teague and Susanna Leves were married 2 May 1808 in St Mary’s Church Truro, Cornwall. England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010 database with images, Parish registers for St Mary's Church, Truro, Familysearch.org,https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QGLK-BWWJ. Some sources dispute that Edward Teague was their son on the grounds that Edward was born in 1807, before James & Susanna were married. Brother Anthony of Taizé has written a comprehensive family history of the Teague families of Grampound, Cornwall to which I suspect Edward Teague was distantly related. In private correspondence with Brother Anthony about Edward’s parents, dated 29 July 2018, he wrote: “My own opinion would be that we know little of the domestic/sexual morality practiced by such people in those days and I would not be surprised if the birth came before the legal marriage. This was before the more widespread puritanical evangelical revivals of the 19th century and the non-conformist churches among the poorer classes tended (I think) to be emotional hothouses. They might well have pledged their troth in a meeting of their church, which would not have had legal status but would have been enough in the eyes of their companions .....That would be the simplest explanation.” See also http://anthony.sogang.ac.kr/Family/Teaguefamily.html; and http://anthony.sogang.ac.kr/Family/TeaguesGrampound.html
3 Born 15 Apr 1807, baptised 20 May 1807. Cornwall Online Parish Clerk (OPC) Baptism (Non-conformist) database.
4 UK National Archives, Catalogue Description, Bethesda Chapel, http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/9e40e9e7-7aaf-4164-8272-705b0e146410
5 Born 6 May 1811, baptised 20 Jan 1812. England & Wales Non-conformist births and baptisms, Image, UK National Archives, Reference TNA/RG/4/853; Cornwall: Truro, St Mary's Chapel (Wesleyan), Findmypast.com.au.
6 Married 14 Aug 1831. Cornwall OPC Marriages database; St Clement Parish Register held at Cornwall Record Office Truro & viewed 13 Oct 2017.
7 Mary Jane born 14 Dec 1833; Amelia Ann born 26 Nov 1834; & Lucretia born 25 Oct 1835. All were baptised 18 Jan 1836 at their father’s home in Redruth by Pastor Richard Vickery. Cornwall OPC Baptism (Non-conformist) database; England & Wales, Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567-1970, RG4: Registers of Births, Marriages and Deaths Cornwall Bible Christian Piece 0113: Truro (Bible Christian), 1822-1837, Ancestry.com.au. Note that (a) Lucretia’s baptism record spells her name as ‘Lucrita’; (b) Amelia’s baptism record states her name as Amelia Jane. All subsequent, marriage, birth and death records for Amelia state her name as Amelia Ann, and she is memorialised as Amelia Ann on her headstone in Torrens Vale Cemetery. This suggests that the baptism registration recorded her name incorrectly. Also, it is unlikely that the first two Teague daughters Mary & Amelia would have the same second name. I have used the form Amelia Ann Teague in this paper; (c) Redruth was not in the Truro Bible Christian Circuit but in the Redruth-Camborne Bible Christian Circuit, so one can only speculate why the three daughters were baptised by a preacher from another circuit.
8 Born 22 Feb 1840. UK Government Records Office (GRO) Birth Certificate for Louisa Teague: 1840 June Quarter, Redruth Union, Vol. 09, page 263. Sunny Corner, in the south-west of Redruth town and probably just off what is now Falmouth Road, no longer exists. I am still searching through old maps and tithe records to find its precise location.
9 Redruth and Plain-An-Gwarry (Camborne/Redruth Area), Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative, The Cahill Partnership & Cornwall Archaeological Unit, Cornwall County Council 2002, section 3.2. http://www.historic-cornwall.org.uk/cisi/redruth/CISI_Redruth_report.pdf
10 1841 England, Wales & Scotland Census Transcription, Leskinnick Street, Madron, Penzance Union, Cornwall, England, Findmypast.com.au.
11 Born 24 Sep 1842. GRO Birth Certificate for Charles Teague: 1842 Sept Quarter, Penzance Union, Vol. 09, page 219.
12 South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal, Adelaide, 18 Aug 1849, page 1.
13 Born 20 Aug 1845. GRO Birth Certificate for Selina Teague: 1845, Sept Quarter, Camelford Union, Vol. 09, page 52.
14 Born 15 Nov 1847. GRO Birth Certificate for Matilda Teague: 1847, Dec Quarter, Camelford Union, Vol. 09, page 57.
'To South Australia'
15 Payton, Philip (2005) The Cornish overseas: a history of Cornwall's `great emigration, Fowey, Cornwall, pages 9 - 29.
16 Triplett, Jeffrey E. (nd) The Cornish Tripletts in Australia: John Triplett and Three Generations of His Descendants. http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~triplett/history/Emigration%20from%20Cornwall%20in%20the%201840s.htm
17 Payton, Philip (2005) op. cit., page 177.
18 SA State Records, South Australia, Passenger Lists, 1849, Prince Regent, https://www.archives.sa.gov.au/sites/default/files/documentstore/passengerlists/1849/GRG35_48_1_49-13_Prince%20Regent.pdf; https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSZT-2YC3?i=11&cc=2613135
'In Adelaide, but briefly' and 'Putting down roots in Littlehampton'
19 South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal, 18 Aug 1849, page 1.
20 Today’s Littlehampton was originally named Little Hampton. I have used Littlehampton throughout this paper, except where Little Hampton was used in document titles.
21 Born 22 Jul 1850. Birth Registration 3/92, Genealogy SA Birth Index database.
22 The Knight family - John Knight, his wife Mary Ann (nee Harry) & their three children Thomas Skinner Knight, Mary Lucy Knight & George Skinner Knight - arrived in South Australia 4 Sep 1847 aboard Aboukir from London via Plymouth, South Australia, Passengers Lists, 1847, Aboukir, State Library of SA, http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Aboukir.htm
23 These are the recollections of George Skinner Knight of Bowhill (son of John Knight & Mary Ann Harry) as reported in The Register, 7 Aug 1915, page 14, “Colonist Of 68 Years”. The Great Eastern Hotel was built in 1853 on Section 4428 of the Hd of Macclesfield, now 71-73 Princes Highway, Littlehampton, and opened its doors in 1854. This reference is possibly to the house built by the ex-convict Walter Simpson & his wife Mary Ann Simpson (nee Scammell) on Section 5000 opposite the Great Eastern Hotel, which is now heritage-listed as the house at 84 Princes Highway Littlehampton.
24 Edward’s eldest daughter, Mary Jane Teague, aged 18 years, married Thomas Skinner Knight, aged 19 years (the eldest son of John & Mary Ann Knight) at Holy Trinity Church, Adelaide, 10 Oct 1850. Marriage Registration 4/161, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
25 Memorial Page/Book 51/34, Edward Teague, Land Services SA (Old Systems).
26 The four landowners who established the village of Littlehampton were: Thomas Biddles (Section 4428 granted 1849), John Smith (Section 5008 granted 1849), Thomas Biddles, Benjamin Grey & Robert Francis Hunt (Section 5010 granted 1851) and Robert Francis Hunt & Benjamin Grey (Section 5011 granted 1849).
27 GRO Plan 28 of 1857, South Australian Integrated Land Information System (SAILIS).28 The partnership between Gray & Hunt was dissolved in Jan 1852, & Gray became the sole owner of the remainder of Section 5011, South Australian Government Gazette, 15 Jan 1852, page 44. It appears that in 1859, John Smith, surgeon of Blakiston transferred his remaining interest in Section 5008 (45 acres 3 roods) to John Forster of Littlehampton, also a surgeon, see CT 9/132.
28 The partnership between Gray & Hunt was dissolved in Jan 1852, & Gray became the sole owner of the remainder of Section 5011, South Australian Government Gazette, 15 Jan 1852, page 44. It appears that in 1859, John Smith, surgeon of Blakiston transferred his remaining interest in Section 5008 (45 acres 3 roods) to John Forster of Littlehampton, also a surgeon, see CT 9/132
29 CT 412/15 issued when Edward brought Lot 18 under the Real Property Act in 1883.
30 Memorial Page/Book 205/326, Land Services SA (Old Systems).
31 Born 18 Jan 1852. Birth Registration 3/325, Genealogy SA Birth Index database. I have found no record of Ellen Teague after her birth. Some Ancestry Family Trees suggest she married Thomas Brown Turner on 20 Oct 1872. However, the Ellen Teague who married Thomas Brown Turner was the daughter of Thomas Teague of Penfield, not Edward Teague of Littlehampton.
32 See 1873 Notice of Sale, South Australian Advertiser, 13 Nov 1873, page 4.
33 CT 412/15, CT 4330/63, CT 4362/190, CT 5065/154, CT 6208/15, CT 6208/16.
34 Littlehampton Community Newsletter, 1998, Issue 1. See also SA Heritage Places Database, http://maps.sa.gov.au/heritagesearch/HeritageItem.aspx?p_heritageno=18452
35 Adelaide Observer, 26 Apr 1862, page 8.
36 Adelaide Observer, 14 Feb 1863, page 1.
37 Littlehampton Community Newsletter 1998, Issue 1.
38 Purchased from John Forster, Surgeon, CT 10/96.
39 Joint purchase by Rev. John Watsford of Adelaide, Rev. Henry Chester of Kooringa, Rev. Thomas Lloyd, Joseph Jolly accountant, Benjamin Fuller carpenter, Alfred Waddy printer, George Bollen land broker, all of Mount Barker and Moses Wraight butcher, George Milway store-keeper, Thomas Weller and James Coppin brickmakers, Edward Teague mason & John Stokes labourer, all of Littlehampton, CT 45/14, CT 5782/343. Current address: 58 North Terrace, Littlehampton.
40 District Council of Mount Barker Heritage Survey (2004), Part 4 Local Heritage Recommendations: Harrogate to Meadows, authors Anna Pope & Claire Booth.
'Establishing a business in Littlehampton' and 'Family Matters'
41 Adelaide Observer, 19 Feb 1853, page 8, Local Court, Mount Barker.
42 Married 9 Mar 1854. Marriage Registration 20/126, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
43 Nicholas arrived per ship Joseph Soames/ Somes from London aged 21, South Australia, Passenger Lists, 1850, https://archives.sa.gov.au/sites/default/files/documentstore/passengerlists/1850/GRG35_48_1_50-11_Joseph%20Somes.pdf. See also 1841 England Census, Sub-registration district: Camelford, Piece 152, Book 14, Folio 41, page 17.
44 Married 5 Apr 1855. Marriage Registration 22/56, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
45 NSW Police Gazette, 22 Jul 1858 quoting extract from South Australian Hue and Cry, 9 Jul 1858, Ancestry.com.au, https://www.ancestry.com.au/interactive/1942/31842_216732-00335?pid=8818&backurl=https://search.ancestry.com.au/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv%3D1%26dbid%3D1942%26h%3D8818%26tid%3D%26pid%3D%26usePUB%3Dtrue%26_phsrc%3DfFp3_677%26_phstart%3DsuccessSource&treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=fFp3677&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true
46 South Australian Advertiser, 14 Aug 1858, page 3.
47 South Australian Advertiser, 25 Aug 1858, page 3.
48 South Australian Register, 15 Jan 1859, page 3.
49 Died 21 Feb 1864. Death Registration 17/33, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
50 Transcription, Death Registration 17/33 for Lucretia Weller, Genealogy SA.
51 Faulkner, Kath (comp.) (c1997) St James Blakiston, 1847-1997: a journal of 150 years of faith, worship and service, Church of St James (Blakiston, S.A.), Littlehampton, page 182.
52 Council Meeting 2 May 1859. South Australian Weekly Chronicle, 7 May 1859, page 7. There was also a quarry named Delabole just south of the Town of Willunga. See Piddick, Susan (2007) “Slate, slate, everywhere slate: the cultural landscapes of the Willunga slate quarries, South Australia”, Australasian Historical Archaeology, 25, 2007
53 South Australian Register, 8 Jul 1859, page 3.
54 Memorial Page/Book 332/163, Land Services SA (Old Systems).
55 Adelaide Observer, 16 Jul 1864, page 4.
56 South Australian Weekly Chronicle, 25 Nov 1865, page 3.
57 South Australian Register, 31 Mar 1866, page 3.
58 CT 80/195.
59 Edward Teague purchased Lots 170 & 171 on 26 Oct 1866 from Henry Hobhouse Turton, CT 82/210. He purchased Lot 172 from Charlotte Da Silva Dutton on 29 Oct 1866, CT 65/99. He brought the three Lots together under a single title, CT 93/53, dated 13 Nov 1866.
60 The Express and Telegraph, 13 Nov 1873, page 4.
61 South Australian Government Gazette, 19 Aug 1869, page 1213.
'The Teague and Knight families in Langhorne Creek and Township of Kent'
62 John Knight signed his name with his mark. SA State Records, Probate and Administration Books 1844-1890, GRS_16377_1_8_8, 19 May 1865, 13 Jan 1866, pages 101-103.
63 St Minver Parish Church, P154/14/5 Apprenticeship indentures, St Minver Highlands 7, Apprenticeship indenture, Henry Knight, 6 Sep 1792, Apprenticed to John Lego of St Minver for husbandry. “Descendants of Henry Knight” provided by the Cornwall OPC Pat Balmer in personal correspondence with the author, 21 Jul 2018.
64 Apprenticeships started from the age of 7 years. See Cornwall Records Office, St Minver Parish Church, P154/14 Apprenticeship indentures, St Minver Highlands, http://crocat.cornwall.gov.uk/DServe/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=NaviTree.tcl&dsqField=RefNo&dsqItem=P154/14/55#HERE
65 Memorial Page/Book 13/77, Edward Teague, Land Services SA (Old Systems).
66 Now Langhorne Creek Uniting Church. Its churchyard is the burial place of John Knight and his grandson Alfred John Miller.
67 Recollections of John Knight’s son, George Skinner Knight, The Register, 7 Aug 1915, page14.
68 Memorial Page/Book 13/77, Edward Teague, Lots 66 & 75, Kent, 31 Oct 1854. Land Services SA (Old Systems).
69 Dawn Elder (1990) “Knight Family History”. It is likely that John Knight’s widow, Mary Ann Knight (nee Harry), married Charles Bunn after 1869 and went with him to Cobar in NSW after he was charged with stealing a sewing machine in 1874, South Australia Police Gazettes, 1874.
70 South Australian Register, 25 Apr 1862, page 3.
71 Died 9 Dec 1863. Death Registration 16/440, Genealogy SA Death Index database; burial place unknown.
72 Died 20 Feb 1865. Death Registration 19/350, Genealogy SA Death Index database. Note that his headstone states that he was 54 when he died, and his death registration states he was 45. He was probably close to 56 years old.
73 Died 5 Mar 1865. Death Registration 30/656, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
74 Memorial Page/Book 231/203, George Skinner Knight, 27 May 1865. Land Services SA (Old Systems).
75 Memorial Page/Book 323/205, George Skinner Knight, 4 Sep 1865. Land Services SA (Old Systems).
76 The Knight family bought 5 lots numbered 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 comprising 1 acre 2 roods 29 perches from Thomas Hendig, farmer of Langhorne Creek on 30 Oct 1865 as follows: Lots 37-38 to Walter Miller (husband of Mary Lucy Knight) for £8/5/0; Lot 39 & part of Lot 40 to Mary Ann Knight (ne Teague) for £6/0/0; Part of Lot 40 & Lot 41 to Thomas Skinner Knight for £8/0/0. CT 31/244 then CT 74/46, CT 74/47, CT 74/48.
77 CT 88/128. Sold to John Borrett 15 Aug 1966.
78 South Australian Advertiser, 12 Oct 1867, page 3.
79 Adelaide Observer, 8 Feb 1868, page 2.
80 Mary Ann Knight had been renting a farm of about 120 acres on Section 2788, Langhorne's Creek. South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail, 8 Feb 1868, page 1.
81 Mary Ann Knight paid her creditors at a rate of £0/5/10 in the Pound. Adelaide Observer, 7 Mar 1868, page 1.
82 Died 6 Sep 1869. Death Registration 36/176, Genealogy SA Death Index database. His burial place is unknown. Dawn Elder (1990) writes that he was apparently going home drunk and fell off the dray and was run over and killed.
83 Lot 75 was sold to Friend Cleggett, Aug 1870, CT 146/100; Lot 66 was sold to Robert Lewis, Feb 1871, CT 151/184.
84 Dawn Elder (1990), op. cit.
'An almost empty nest'
85 See Descendants List at Attachment 3 for details of these marriages.
86 Married 23 Mar 1861. Marriage Registration 45/68, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
87 Married 12 Mar 1868. Marriage Registration 75/95, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
88 I note Chris Chardon’s research on the rise and fall of the distinction between Stirling East and Stirling West in what is today known simply as Stirling. Chardon writes that ... Stirling East was the name for all of the area of what is now the Main Street of Stirling save the section between Druid Avenue and Avenue Road. This may have been named Stirling West in about 1883 when the new Post Office assumed that name. Use of the name Stirling West was gradually adopted by the people living in the western end of the Main Street ... (The Flinders Column, Newsletter of Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society, No. 77, June 1997, Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society). In this paper, ‘Stirling East’ or ‘Stirling West’ is used in accordance with the public records of the time, knowing that the boundaries between the two changed over time and that they no longer exist.
89 Married 18 Sep 1869. Marriage Registration 80/563, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
90 SA Government Gazette, 18 June 1914, page 1356; The Mail, 4 Apr 1914, page 5.
91 The Miels family name lives on today in Miels Park and Miels Avenue in Littlehampton, South Australia.
'Making the move from Littlehampton to Stirling'
92 CT 156/69. See also Chardon, The Flinders Column, Newsletter of Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society, No. 76, March 1997, Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society, Coventry Library, Stirling.
93 Mortgage discharged on 7 Jan 1874, CT 156/69.
94 See Notice of Sale of family home, The Express and Telegraph, 13 Nov 1873, page 4. The property was ... 23⁄4 Acres, or thereabouts, on which is erected a good and well-finished stone house of eight Rooms. There is a splendid orchard and vegetable garden, an underground tank of 1,000 gallons and everything necessary for a comfortable home.
95 Memorial Page/Book 205/326 records Lot 13 being sold to Charlotte Coppin on 26 Oct 1880, Land Services SA (Old Systems). CT 412/15 records that Lot 18 was retained by Edward Teague until 22 Jan 1883.
96 On 7 Mar 1874, CT 80/195.
97 On 29 May 1874, CT 93/53.
98 Chardon (2011) op.cit., page 2 notes that on 21st Jan 1854 Lieutenant Governor Sir Henry Fox Young granted Section 45 of the Hd of Noarlunga to Peter Dowding Prankerd & Robert Stuckey, Gentlemen, of Adelaide who paid £500/10 for their grant of Section 45. This section consisted of 191 acres & covers roughly the area bounded today by Mount Barker Road, Snows Road, Paratoo Road, Old Mount Barker Road & Gould Road. Prankerd & Stuckey quickly subdivided Section 45 into 53 allotments as the township of Stirling.
'Edward helps his sons head north'
99 Paid £1/0/0 per acre with 10% deposit, Agreement No. 7620. South Australian Government Gazette, 14 Sep 1876, page 1839.
100 Edward took out 3 Leases in the Hd of Yalpara: Lease No. 1882, 1,060 acres (Sections 140, 163, 164); Lease No. 2017, 1,048 acres (Sections 162, 168, 169); & Lease No. 2068, 918 acres (Sections 160, 161). Charles took out 5 Leases in Yalpara: Lease No. 1883, 949 acres (Sections 121, 131, 132); Lease No. 1,260, 876 acres (Sections 172, 179, 186); Lease No. 17734, 184 acres (Section 190); Lease No. 1899, 493 acres (Section 114); & Lease No. 1900, 456 acres (Section 122). South Australian Government Gazette, 27 Sep 1883, page 1118.
101 SA State Records, Probate and Administration Books, GRS_16377_1_39_31, 9 Jan 1882-21 Nov 1883, Images 510-513, Familysearch.org, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSN1-L9GY-V?i=509&cat=2727104
102 I have written a separate and detailed paper on the Teague brothers of Orroroo which I am happy to share with those interested in receiving a copy.
'Religious affiliations and inclinations'
103 Bethesda Chapel, Truro. Cornwall (OPC) Baptism (Non-conformist) database.
104 Transcription, Marriage Registration 123/1094 for Matilda Teague & Charles Fredrick Hansen, Genealogy SA.
105 CT 286/3.
106 May Nicholas died 23 Jun 1890, aged 6 years. Genealogy SA Memorial Inscriptions' database.
107 Marriage Registration 45/68 for Louisa Teague & Nicholas Coad, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
108 There were also members of less orthodox Christian groups, including the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), the Unitarians & the New Church (Swedenborgians), http://boundforsouthaustralia.com.au/journey-content/religion.html
109 Arnold D Hunt, “Methodist Church”, SA History Hub, History Trust of South Australia, http://sahistoryhub.com.au/organisations/methodist-church, accessed 22 April 2019.
110 Drawn from Edwin A. Curnow (2015) Bible Christian Methodists in South Australia 1850-1900: A Biography of Chapels and their People, Uniting Church SA Historical Society, Black Forest, South Australia.
111 Philip Payton (2016), One and All: Labor and the Radical Tradition in South Australia, Wakefield Press, page 8, referencing P. A. Howell (2002) South Australia and federation, Wakefield Press,
112 Christian Colonist, 22 Aug 1879, page 4, and subsequently to at least March 1880.
113 On 1 Jan 1901 the Wesleyans, Bible Christians and Primitive Methodists in SA joined together to form a united Methodist church, comprising almost 25% of the State’s religious adherents, Philip Payton (2016) op. cit., page 7. In 1977 all Methodist churches and other properties became part of the Uniting Church in Australia.
114 Stirling Bible Christian Chapel Minutes, Vol. 2, 6 Oct 1877, Mount Lofty Districts Historical Society notes, ref. 763-7.
115 Two people named Teague are recorded in the Minutes: one is Edward Teague and another is W.C.T. Teague. It is not always clear which Mr. Teague is being referred to in the Minutes.
116 Christian Colonist, 31 Oct 1879, page 5; Adelaide Observer, 1 Nov 1879, page 11.
117 Tom Dyster (1982) The Church with the Lych Gate, 100 Years of Service, page 5, Mt Lofty Uniting Church.
118 Death Notice for Edward Teague, South Australian Register, 3 Aug 1883, page 4.
119 CT 321/40.
120 South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail, 1 Mar 1879, page 2.
121 South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail, 13 Mar 1880, page 4.
122 South Australian Advertiser, 29 May 1875, page 6.
123 South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail, 29 May 1875, page 7; The Express and Telegraph, 11 Nov 1876, page 3.
124 South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail, 8 Jul 1876, page 19. I believe Mary Atwell was buried in the churchyard of the Stirling Bible Christian Chapel which in 1879 became the Ashton Memorial Methodist Church, Stirling East. When this church was sold in 1986, it was decided to preserve the remaining headstones in the church cemetery by relocating them to what is now known as Stirling Cemetery. Mary’s headstone is now located in Stirling Cemetery, Section A, Row 11, Plot X4, in a row comprising 11 headstones relocated from Ashton. See “An Historic Walk Among the Headstones of the Stirling District Cemetery”, pamphlet prepared for the Stirling District Council by T. Dyster, C. Chardon & R. Martin, July 1997.
'Life and then death in Stirling'
125 Express and Telegraph, 26 Feb 1869, page 4.
126 South Australian Register, 15 Jun 1882, page 2.
127 See Attachment 3: Descendant Chart.
128 Married 25 Jun 1880. Marriage Registration 123/109, Genealogy SA Marriage Index.
129 Transcription, Death Certificate for Charles Frederick Hansen, Death Registration 449/34, Genealogy SA.
130 South Australian Almanacs and Directories online 1864-1899, State Library SA.
131 CT 380/111.
132 CT 387/202.
133 CT 392/177, CT 392/177.
134 Details are provided in Attachment 1.
135 CT 412/15.
136 CT 421/203.
137 Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser, 15 Jun 1883, page 3.
138 Death Registration 129/424, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
139 Lease Nos. 1882, 2017 & 2068 (Yalpara). South Australian Government Gazette, 22 May 1884, p. 1977.
140 South Australian Almanacs and Directories online, 1888-1894, State Library SA; CT 1147/181; Transcription, Death Registration 449/34 for Charles Frederick Hansen, Genealogy SA.
141 Died 30 Jul 1894. Death Registration 220/300, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
142 SA State Records, Probate and Administration Books, GRS_11585_1_12_12, 25 Mar-10 Aug 1894, page 1831, Image 249, Familysearch.org, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSVN-C9J3-W?i=248&cat=2752111
143 CT 392/177, CT 595/6, CT 655/25, CT 655/26.
' ATTACHMENT 1'
144 Starting with CT 156/69.
145 Hawkins’s Section 46 is not to be confused with another Section 46 in the Hd of Noarlunga granted to William Hutchinson, 14 Mar 1848, CT 128/132 & CT 138/7. There were two section 46 allocations in Hd of Noarlunga, one in Stirling & one in the south west close to the Hd of Willunga boundary. See Property Book Search, Noarlunga, SAILIS.
146 Church of England Births and Baptisms, City of London, St Dunstan in the West, 1813-1839, Ancestry.com.au.
147 London Metropolitan Archives; London, England; Reference Number: P69/BRI/A/01/Ms 6542/12, Ancestry.com.au.
148 G.L. Fischer (1964) Richard Dixon Hawkins, Founder of Aldgate c. 1819-1877, Publication No. 102, The Pioneers Association of South Australia Inc.
149 Tom Dyster (1980) Pump in the Roadway, Investigator Press, pages 46-49.
'Part 1: Hawkins to Edward Teague'
'Parcel A (1874)'
150 CT 191/96.
151 Born 3 Jan 1844, Cornwall OPC Baptism database.
152 South Australia, Assisted Passenger Lists, GRG35_48_1_16_66-3, The Ships List, Atalanta, http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/atalanta1866.shtml; Adelaide Express, 16 Apr 1866, page 3.
153 Marriage Registration 81/436, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database, Marriage Place unrecorded.
'Parcel B (1877)'
154 CT 255/244, CT 321/38, CT 321/39, CT 651/187, CT 651/188.
155 London, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1917, Kensington and Chelsea, St Mary Abbots Church, Kensington 1814-1833, Ancestry.com.au.
156 Mount Barker Township Allotment Details, originally researched & compiled by Reg Butler, Hahndorf historian, with some later modifications and additions by Tony Finnis, https://localwiki.org/adelaide-hills/Mount_Barker_Allotments_%28Nos_51-100%29; South Australian Almanacs and Directories online, 1873, State Library SA.
157 South Australian Almanacs and Directories online, 1879, State Library SA.
158 CT 375/218.
159 For example, The Advertiser, 3 Dec 1877, page 7; The Register, 17 Feb 1883, page 6.
160 Adelaide Observer, 25 Jan 1879, page 5.
161 John Raymond (2013) “An Early Adelaide Hills Sawmill”, https://sites.rootsweb.com/~jray/raymond/sawmill.htm
162 CT 512/170.
163 CT 651/187, CT 651/188.
164 See Chardon (2011), op. cit., page 99.
165 See advertisement for Capon’s Stirling Tea Rooms in News, 7 Aug 1926, page 8.
166 Died 15 Sep 1903. Death Registration 297/11, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
167 The Register, 17 Sep 1903, page 5; Mount Barker Courier & Onkaparinga & Gumeracha Advertiser, 18 Sep 1903, page 2.
168 The Register, 16 Sep 1903, page 2.
169 Arthur Moss was one of the executors and the title records him as a metallurgist of Stirling West.
170 CT 651/188.
171 CT 651/188, CT 1470/144.
172 CT 2016/191.
173 Chardon (2011) op. cit., page 23, provides details on Beaumont Avenue and Beaumont Road, noting that Beaumont Road was never constructed.
'Parcel C (1879)'
174 CT 302/117.
175 Elizabeth Harriett May (nee Bowden) died 27 Aug 1896. Death Registration 237/280, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
176 Edward Northcote May died 25 Jul 1898 at 64 Barton Terrace, North Adelaide. Death Registration 253/456, Genealogy SA Death Index database (recorded as Edward Northcott May).
177 SA State Records, Probate and Administration Books, GRS_11585_1_33_33, 17 Jun-23 Aug 1898, FamilySearch.org, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSVL-K91M-4?i=269&cat=2752111
178 CT 302/117.
179 CT 900/173, CT 900/174.
'Parcel D (1879)'
180 CT 321/40.
181 Christian Colonist, 31 Oct 1879, page 5.
182 Adelaide Observer, 1 Nov 1879, page 11.
183 Tom Dyster (1982) The Church with the Lych Gate, 100 Years of Service, page 5, Mt Lofty Uniting Church.
184 South Australian Register, 3 Aug 1883, page 4, Death Notice for Edward Teague.
185 CT 321/40.
186 The Express and Telegraph, 1 Feb 1905, page 1.
187 CT 321/40, CT 985/149.
188 CT 985/150.
189 CT 1147/180.
190 Died 7 Sep 1921. Death Registration 449/34, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
191 CT 1147/181.
192 CT 1975/122.
193 CT 4232/147.
'Parcel E (1882)'
194 CT 380/111.
195 Lists of South Australian Publicans, compiled by Reg Butler, Hahndorf historian, https://localwiki.org/adelaide-hills/South_Australian_Publicans_-_%27C%27.
196 South Australian Advertiser, 5 Oct 1878, page 3.
197 Married 21 Aug 1871. Marriage Registration 88/418, Genealogy SA Marriage index database.
198 Father Pascoe Carbis, a farm labourer (38), mother Esther (35) with children Charles (15), Edmund (12), Elizabeth (11), Jane (7), Pascoe (4) & John (1), http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/princeregent1849.shtml
199 Pascoe Row[e] Carbis married Esther Bramble Semmens in Ludgvan parish, Cornwall, 12 Dec 1830. England Marriages 1538-1973, Findmypast.com.au, https://www.findmypast.com.au/transcript?id=R_846753467
200 Pascoe Row[e] Carbis was baptised on 27 Aug 1809 in the parish of Gulval, Cornwall. Cornwall Baptisms, Findmypast.com.au, https://www.findmypast.com.au/transcript?id=GBPRS B/950214855/1
201 1841 UK Census, Penzance, Queen Street, accessed through Cornwall Family History Society.
202 Chardon (2011), op. cit., page 107.
203 CT 321/39. Robert Bowes was born in Kent, England c1834. He emigrated to Australia c1854 & spent time in the Victorian goldfields & New Zealand, The Advertiser, 11 Mar 1903, page 8. I have found no Passenger records for his arrival. He died 7 Mar 1903 at Stirling East, aged 69 years. Death Registration 292/444, Genealogy SA Death Index database. He was interred in Stirling Cemetery with Lloyd Webb as the undertaker, The Register, 9 Mar 1903, page 2.
204 John Carbis died 30 Jul 1883 in North Adelaide. Death Registration 130/8, Genealogy SA Death Index database; Death Notice in Adelaide Observer, 4 Aug 1883, page 24.
205 Evening Journal, 25 Aug 1883, page 3.
206 Robert Bowes is listed in SA trade directories as a restaurant keeper for 1883-1886 & from 1888 he is listed as a contractor. South Australian Almanacs and Directories online 1864-1899, State Library SA.
207 Chardon (2011) op. cit., page 149.
208 Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser, 15 Jun 1883, page 3.
209 CT 380/111.
210 Evening Journal, 19 May 1886, page 1.
211 Chardon (2011), op. cit., page 107.
212 South Australia, Passenger Lists 1847-1886, Rodney, Findmypast.com.au, https://www.findmypast.com.au/transcript?id=ANZ/SOUTHAUPASSENGERLISTS/33229
213 1861 England, Wales & Scotland Census, Record Transcription, Freefolk Priors, Whitchurch, Hampshire, England, Findmypast.com.au, https://www.findmypast.com.au/transcript?id=GBC /1861/0004501484; 1871 England, Wales & Scotland Census, Freefolk Priors, Whitchurch, Hampshire, England, Findmypast.com.au, https://www.findmypast.com.au/transcript?id=GBC/1871/0016186323
214 Marriage Registration 131/930, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
215 The Express and Telegraph, 3 Oct 1881, page 2.
216 The first funeral conducted by Webb that I have found on TROVE is that of Annie Moss, wife of Simeon Moss, on 17 Feb 1886, Evening Journal, 16 Feb 1886, page 2.
217 South Australian Register, 23 Nov 1886, page 8.
218 Born 11 Dec 1882. Birth Registration 295/456, Genealogy SA Birth Index database.
219 Born 1 Apr 1885. Birth Registration 348/378, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
220 Died 27 May 1892. Death Registration 202/489, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
221 Death Notice in Evening Journal, 28 May 1892, page 4.
222 CT 380/111.
223 Chardon (2011) op. cit., page 219.
224 Died 26 Jun 1928. Death Registration 504/395, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
225 South Australian Register, 5 Nov 1898, page 2.
226 South Australian Register, 30 Jul 1894, page 2.
227 Transcription, Death Registration 220/300 for Susannah Teague, Genealogy SA.
'Parcel F (1882)'
229 The Advertiser, 7 Jul 1916, page 6
230 Born 17 Jun 1841. Somerset, England, Church of England Baptisms, Stoke Under Ham, 1835-1914, Ancestry.com.au, https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/60857/42886_1831109388_0585-00050/2835136?backurl=http%3a%2f%2fsearch.ancestry.com%2fcgi-bin%2fsse.dll%3fdb%3dsomersetparishbirths%26gsfn%3dWilliam%2bRendall%26gsln%3dCave%26msbdy%3d1833%26hc%3d50%26new%3d1%26rank%3d1%26uidh%3dpcu%26redir%3dfalse&backlabel=ReturnSearchResults
231 See for example the exchange at https://www.british-genealogy.com/archive/index.php/t-69230.html?s=a3db922599693491ed3bab881badb279
232 Married 18 Apr 1867. Marriage Registration 71/381, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
233 CT 399/129. Cave’s partners in this purchase were Salvator Rosa Wakefield and Alfred Jones.
234 CT 392/177
235 CT 392/177.
236 SA State Records, Probate and Administration Books, GRS_11585_1_12_12, 25 Mar-10 Aug 1894, page 1831, Susannah Teague. FamilySearch.org, https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSVN-C9J3-W?i=248&cat=2752111
237 CT 392/177, CT 594/135.
238 CT 912/93.
'Parcel G (1899)'
239 CT 655/24, CT 655/25, CT 2792/178. 2 roods 8 perches.
240 Born 2 Oct 1864. Birth Registration 34/9, Genealogy SA Birth Index database.
241 Born 30 Jan 1868. Birth Registration 61/24, Genealogy SA Birth Index database.
242 South Australia, Passenger Lists, 1857, Henry Moore, The Ships List, http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/henrymoore1857.shtml.
243 The Register, 16 Sep 1908, page 6.
244 Chardon (2011) op. cit., page 117.
245 Married Emma Frances Wiese 16 Apr 1910. Marriage Registration 243/181, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
246 Married Esther Hancock 6 May 1911. Marriage Registration 247/528, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
247 Daily Herald, 18 May 1914, page 2.
248 Daily Herald, 5 Jul 1910, page 6.
249 CT 655/24.
250 The Advertiser, 10 Mar 1926, page 4.
251 CT 655/24, CT 2792/178.
252 Died 2 Dec 1935. Death Registration 575/4801, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
253 Died 14 Feb 1937. Death Registration 588/609, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
'Parcel H (1902)'
254 Stirling District Heritage Survey, District Council of Stirling, March 1997, authors: Taylor Weidenhofer & Sarah Laurence.
255 Plan Image LA10233, Hd of Noarlunga, part Section 46, SAILIS.
256 Caveat No. 187813 & Caveat No. 187814 over CT 392/177, both dated 28 Jan 1885. Caveat No. 187814 was withdrawn in Jan 1895, and later that month Parcel H was transferred to Charles Frederick Hansen. Caveat No. 187813 was withdrawn 25 Aug 1913, after the death of Charles Teague. Title passed to Charles’ wife Sarah Rebecca Teague & she transferred it to Matilda Hansen for her life, & then to her children.
257 CT 392/177, CT 594/135.
258 CT 595/18.
259 CT 595/19.
260 Chardon (2011) op. cit., page 23.
261 CT 594/135, CT 595/18, CT 595/19, CT 1714/101.
262 CT 1714/102.
'Parcel I (1902)'
263 CT 698/10, CT 698/11.
264 Died 4 Jul 1921. Death Registration 447/134, Genealogy SA Death Index database; The Express and Telegraph, 4 Jul 1921, page 2.
265 CT 698/10, CT 4086/332.
'Parcel J (1903)'
266 CT 698/11.
267 CT 708/75, CT 708/76, CT 709/97, 1462/140.
268 CT 709/98.
269 The Advertiser, 16 Mar 1953, page 18.
270 John Rendall Cave seems to have been made of lesser stuff than his father. See the 2013 blog “Dirty Rotten Scoundrels #2: John Rendall Cave”, http://genxalogy.blogspot.com/2013/10/dirty-rotten-scoundrels-2-john-rendall.html
271 CT 570/14, CT 709/97, CT 1417/140.
272 CT 709/97.
'Parcel K (1917)'
273 CT 392/177, CT 912/93.
274 Death Registration 366/1, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
275 CT 912/93, 1714/101.
276 CT 1714/102.
277 Died 28 Jun 1950. Death Registration 755/3082, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
278 CT 570/13.
279 CT 665/100.
280 Frederick Charles Howard was employed by W. R. Cave Co., and then became a partner. He relinquished the partnership to join the Broken Hill South Company as managing director and then as chairman of Directors. He was also on the directorate of the Wallaroo and Mount Lyell Fertilizer Company, the Broken Hill Globe Timber Mills, the Associated Smelters, the Adelaide Cement Works, and the Austral Plaster Company. The Register, 22 Apr 1919, page 4.
281 CT 665/99. Charles Herbert Warren was the son of William Rendall Cave’s sister Lucy Cave. He was a partner in W. R. Cave & Co. and for a time its head. He married Alice Maria Downer (1862–1960).
282 CT 1064/127.
283 CT 665/99. This is the site of Skye Cottage at what is now 26 Pomona Road, Stirling. See Stirling District Heritage Survey, District Council of Stirling, March 1997, authors: Taylor Weidenhofer & Sarah Laurence, page 427-428.
284 CT 2065/69. Barbara Howard was a singing teacher, https://www.mitchamcouncil.sa.gov.au/page.aspx?u=2123
285 CT 2141/75.
286 CT 2141/76.
'Parcel L (1920)'
287 CT 708/76.
288 CT 732/183.
289 CT 732/184.
290 CT 723/183, CT 1262/158.
291 CT 1815/168.
292 CT 3461/23, CT 4163/670.
293 CT 3461/24.
'Parcel M (1947)'
294 CT 732/184, CT 2113/78, CT 2123/22.
295 CT 2113/78.
296 CT 2123/22.
'Part 2: Hawkins Estate to Various'
297 Death Registration 80/292, Genealogy SA Death Index database.
298 CT 314/250.
299 CT 315/1.
300 CT 340/24.
301 CT 388/12.
302 CT 456/186
303 CT 1537/3.
'Part 3: Hawkins Estate to William Shocroft'
304 CT 317/177
305 DP 1203, SAILIS.
306 CT 399/129.
307 CT 403/221.
308 CT 404/8.
309 CT 404/10.
310 CT 404/9.
311 CT 404/11.
312 DP 1203, SAILIS.
313 CT 399/129.
'ATTACHMENT 2: House and stables, No. 7 Pomona Road, Stirling'
314 Stirling District Heritage Survey, District Council of Stirling, March 1997, authors: Taylor Weidenhofer & Sarah Laurence, page 425, referencing Allotment No. 56, CT 4387/505.
315 CT 595/18.
316 CT 399/129.
317 CT 595/19.
318 Lucy Grierson Cave was born 3 Aug 1869. Birth Registration 75/430, Genealogy SA Birth Index database. She married Frederick Charles Howard, 12 years her senior, on 3 Feb 1891. Marriage Registration 166/379, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
319 Edward Gibbon Wakefield was born 15 Feb 1874. His father was Salvator Rosa Wakefield (a nephew of Edward Gibbon Wakefield 1796-1862 after whom he was named) and his mother was Susannah Grace Cox. Birth Registrations 132/16, Genealogy SA Birth Index database. William Rendall Cave and Salvator Rosa Wakefield joined with Alfred Jones in 1882 to buy a little over 30 acres in a portion of Section 46 that William Shocroft the younger of Payneham, gardener had purchased from Richard Dixon Hawkins in Oct 1879, and leased to David John Gray in Oct 1879, CT 317/177.
320 The Advertiser, 25 Sep 1953, page 4.
321 Married 26 June 1901. Marriage Registration 207/1450, Genealogy SA Marriage Index database.
322 The Advertiser, 11 Dec 1901, page 12.
323 Evening Journal, 18 May 1903, page 1.
324 South Australian Almanacs and Directories online 1900-1973, 1903, State Library SA.
325 Born 24 Dec 1904. Birth Registration 741/39, Genealogy SA Birth Index database.
326 The Advertiser, 28 Dec 1905, page 8.
327 South Australian Almanacs and Directories online 1900-1973, 1906, State Library SA.
328 The Advertiser, 25 Sep 1953, page 4.
329 Canowindra Star and Eugowra News, 1 Mar 1907, page 5.
Originally Printed on: 16 Jun 2019
Prepared by: Kaye Schofield, [email protected]
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