The Flanders Manufacturing Company was formed in January 1911 and operated 9 plants, 5 in Oakland County and 4 in Chelsea. It went into receivership in December 1912.
- The E-M-F Company : the story of automotive pioneers Barney Everitt, William Metzger, and Walter Flanders, Anthony Yanik, 2001.
- E-M-F History, John M Daly, Millington IL.
Out of this came- in January 1911-the Flanders Manufacturing Company, a consolidation of the Grant & Wood Manufacturing Company of Chelsea, the Pontiac Motorcycle Company, the Pontiac Drop Forge Company, the Pontiac Foundry Company and the Vulcan Gear Works (also in Pontiac).