Toronto has a varied, wonderful and rich history...
Here is a timeline with summaries and links to further readings on the wiki.
|Toronto Timeline:||Earlier :||2000 :||2001 :||2002 :||2003 :||2004 :||2005 :||2006 :||2007 :||2008 :||2009 :||2010|
1600s - The Indian populations of much of this part of North America were devastated by diseases brought to the new world by European explorers and settlers. As Indian tribes were reduced by disease, tribes feuded with each other for their very survival. Indeed, some tribes did not survive.
This was the state of affairs in the southern Ontario region for much of the 1600s as Iroquois battled with Hurons.
1615 - First European to reach the Toronto area may have been Etienne Brule, who had served under Samuel de Champlain. Tradition has it that Brule discovered the Toronto site in 1615. However, numerous scholars question whether Brule ever reached Lake Ontario at Toronto.
1660 - 1670s - Roman Catholic missionaries working with local natives. Seasonal traders begin to regularly pass through the area, the most famous of whom was the explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle.
1688 - The Iroquois, who had moved into the Toronto area, were in displaced by the French, gradually being displaced by European settlers.
1720 - Fort Douville was erected on Baby Point. It was a small, two-storey square log building protected by a barricade large enough for three soldiers to live in. It was also known as a magasin royal (royal store).
1750 - 1759 - The French establish Fort Rouillé trading post also known as Fort Toronto. An outline of the fort and an obelisk mark site on the CNE grounds. This is the third fort established by The French and is often mistaken as the first european settlement in Toronto.
1803-11-03 - St. Lawrence Market opens as the city's first public market.
1820 - Parliament building rebuilt at Berkeley location, four years later in 1824, it's burned down by fire
1831 - Windmill Line established to check industrial sprawl
1841-12-28 - Regular service of gas streetlights begins
1861-09-11 - First horse-drawn streetcar goes into service
1873 - Union Station 2.0 is built
1876 - Toronto's population is 68,000
1892-08-15 - First electric Streetcar goes into service
1892 - Queen's Park becomes home to the provincial Legislature, grounds leased from the University of Toronto for 999 years at $1/year, post-secondary tuition begins to rise, co-incidence? hmmmm......
1899-09-18 - Old City Hall opens
1901 - Toronto's population is 208,000. About triple what it was in 1876.
1901-05-23 - Toronto Star founder and publisher Joseph E. Atkinson daringly turns over the entire newspaper to women, who publish a special Victoria Memorial Edition. The move raises eyebrows in the newspaper trade, where a common Victorian view is that women are best suited to cooking, scrubbing floors, boiling laundry and raising children. But the editions sells out, and helps to open the door to future women journalists.
1903-04-30 - Emily Howard Stowe 1831-1903 dies; first Canadian woman admitted to practice medicine in Canada (1880).
1904-04-19 - Great Toronto Fire of 1904
1905 - There are a total of exactly 4 apartment buildings in the entire city.
1913 - Toronto now has a total of 113 apartment buildings.
1913-07-13 - Plane flies over the city for the first time
1913-08-13 - The original St. Clair Streetcar right-of-way starts service
1914 - Union Station 3.0 begins construction
1919-08-23 - Prince Edward Viaduct opens
1926 - Cold storage facility built, still known as Queen's Quay Terminal
1927-08-06 - New Union Station 3.0 opens
1931 - Toronto's population hits 631,000. Immigrants represent almost 40% of the city's residents, the highest such proportion on the continent. There are 20,000 rental apartments units throughout the city.
1933-08-16 - Long hot summer of bigotry and hate boils over in the form of the Christie Pits Riot
1942-04-30 - Toronto Stock Exchange Index hits wartime low of 84.8 on news of German victories.
1959 - Exhibition Stadium opens
1961 - Report on the Need for A Long Range Waterfront Plan drafted by Metro planners, mixed-use planning on waterfront kicks in
1961-08-03 - Don Valley Parkway, aka the DVP, open to the driving public
1963-02-28 - University Subway Line opens
1965-09-13 - New City Hall opens
1966-02-26 - Bloor-Danforth Subway Line opens
1967-05-27 - GO Transit begins service
1969 - Old City of Toronto holds referendum on full amalgamation of all the jurisdictions which make up Metro Toronto. 82 % of Torontonians vote Yes. Nevertherless, the Provincial Government refuses to redraw the city's boundaries.
1970 - Harbour City proposal calls for canal housing constructed in the lake
1972 - HArbourfront Centre opens
1976-06-26 - The completed CN Tower opens
1978-01-28 - Spadina Subway Line opens
1983-03 - North York Mayor Mel Lastman justifying his suggestion that North York switch to Daylight Savings Time a month earlier starting in March rather than April when the rest of Central Canada does so, he says, Well, there are more car accidents at night.
1984 - Metro Toronto Convention Centre is open for business
1984-04-30 - Strong winds across Exhibition Stadium cause a 30 minute delay, then cancellation of a Blue Jays game with the Texas Rangers
1985-03-24 - Scarborough Rapid Transit opens
1989 - Serial Diners visit the AC Ranch Cafe on St. Clair Avenue West, begining a decades long goal of visiting and dining at every restaurant alphabetically listed in the Toronto Yellow Pages, one Friday evening at a time. They are currently working through restaurant names beginning with the letter I.
1996 - A coffee chain store tries to move into The Annex by taking over the lease where Dooney's Cafe is. The neighbourhood rallied to save Dooney's, the coffee chain did an about face and moved in across the street some time later